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Important Current Affairs 2nd October 2019


Government launched the DIN system of CBDT.

• Ministry of Finance has launched the Documentation Identification Number (DIN) system of the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) on 1 October 2019. On the day of launching, about 17,500 communications with DIN were generated. DIN system has been created as per the direction of Finance Minister Ms. Nirmala Sitharaman. The introduction of DIN will make every CBDT communication to have a documentation identification number.


The DIN system is expected to ensure greater accountability and transparency in tax administration.

Provisions of DIN:

♦ Any communication from the Income Tax (IT) Department without a computer-generated DIN, including notice, letter, order and summon or any other correspondence, would be invalid.

♦ All communications with DIN will be verified on the e-filing portal

♦ No communication would be issued manually without DIN except only if it is in the specified exceptional circumstances.

♦ Any communication issued manually under exceptional circumstances should be uploaded and regularised on the system portal within 15 days of its issuance.

Paryatan Parv 2019 launched.

•  Center has launched the nationwide Paryatan Parv 2019 on 2 October. It was inaugurated by the Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas and  Minister of Steel, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan in New Delhi.

Organized by:

Paryatan Parv 2019 was organized by the Ministry of Tourism.


Paryatan Parv aims to propagate the message of Dekho Apna Desh with the objective to encourage Indians to visit various tourist destinations of the country. It also spread the message of Tourism for All.

Paryatan Parv 2019:

Paryatan Parv 2019 will be held from 2nd to 13th October 2019 across the country.

Paryatan Parv 2019 is dedicated to the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

Paryatan Parv is being organized with the objective of drawing focus on the benefits of tourism, showcasing the cultural diversity of the country.

It also reinforces the principle of Tourism for All.

The three components of Paryatan Parv, are:

♦ Dekho Apna Desh - To encourage Indians to visit their own country.

♦ Tourism for All - Tourism Events at sites across all States in the country are being organized.

♦ Tourism & Governance - Interactive Sessions & Workshops with Stakeholders on varied themes.

Gandhi Jayanthi is celebrated on 2 October.

•  Gandhi Jayanthi is celebrated on 2 October in India. The Day marks the to mark the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The celebrations in the year 2019 mark the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The day is celebrated every year. His birth anniversary is observed as the International Day of Nonviolence.

Mahatma Gandhi:

M.K. Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869. He was known for his non-violence protest during the British rule. He was a leading figure of freedom movements whether in India or South Africa. India got freedom from colonial rule with his efforts.

Major events in the freedom struggle:

♦ In 1906-07, Satyagraha in South Africa

♦ In 1910, Satyagraha against emigration and restriction in Natal

♦ In 1917, Champaran Satyagraha

♦ In 1917-1918, Kheda Satyagraha

♦ In 1919, Khilafat Movement

♦ In 1920, Non-Cooperation Movement

♦ In 1930, Civil-Disobedience Movement

♦ In 1942, Quit India Movement

The above major movements that were led by Mahatma Gandhi helped India in attaining freedom from the British rule.  Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist, on 30 January 1948.

International Day of Non Violence is observed on 2 October.

•  International Day of Non-Violence is observed on 2 October. The day is observed on the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. He is the leader of the Indian independence movement and pioneer of the philosophy and strategy of non-violence. The day aims to disseminate the message of non-violence, including through education and public awareness.

The principle of non-violence rejects the use of physical violence in order to achieve social or political change.


On 15 June 2007, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution to declare 2nd October as International Day of Non-Violence. The resolution reaffirmed the universal relevance of the principle of non-violence. It desires to secure a culture of peace, tolerance, understanding, and non-violence.

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Important Current Affairs 1st October 2019


World first satellite launch by Soviet led US to create NASA.

• The Soviet Union launched the world's first artificial satellite Sputnik I on October 1957. The US-Soviet Cold War, Sputnik's launch directly led to the foundation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

The Weight of the Sputnik is 83.6 kg, the 58-cm-wide satellite transmitted signals for 21 days before losing speed and burning up in the atmosphere in 92 days.

History of Soviet Union

The history of Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union reflects a period of change for both Russia and the world. The terms Soviet Russia and Soviet Union often are synonymous in everyday speech, The foundations of the Soviet Union, Soviet Russia properly refers to the few years between the October Revolution of 1917 and the creation of the Soviet Union in 1922.


Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States

Founder: Dwight D. Eisenhower

Founded: 29 July 1958, United States

Administered by: Jim Bridenstine


Indian Army and Bank of Baroda signed MOU.

Indian Army and Bank of Baroda entered a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU). 

This MoU lays down the basis on which banking services would be provided by Bank of Baroda to serving and retired personnel of the Indian Army. 

The ceremony chaired by Lieutenant General Ashwani Kumar, Adjutant General.  The MoU was signed by Lt Gen Harsha Gupta, Director General (Manpower and Personnel Services) and Shri VS Khichi, Executive Director, Bank of Baroda in presence of Shri PS Jayakumar, Managing Director, Bank of Baroda.

Features of the MOU

The MoU includes Free Personal Accident Insurance (Death & Permanent Total Disability) cover of Rs 30 lakhs, The free air accident insurance (AAI) cover of Rs 15 lakhs to Rs 50 lakhs and overdraft facility upto three times of monthly net salary. The features are also applicable for pensioners of Indian army upto the age of 70 yrs.

The Bank of Baroda is the 2nd largest Public Sector bank with extensive national and international presence having 9500+ domestic branches and presence in 24 countries.  The bank has assured a new and customized banking experience for serving and retired personnel of the Indian Army.

Bank of Baroda

Headquarters: Alkapuri, Vadodara

CEO: P. S. Jayakumar


International coffee day is celebrated on 1 October.

• The International coffee day is celebrated on 1 October every year. An estimation says around 3 billion cups of coffee are consumed every day. The diverse mix of global celebrations that take place on International Coffee Day truly showcases coffee as one of the world’s most loved beverages.


The day is observed to recognize the millions of people across the globe, from farmers to roasters, baristas, coffee shop owners and more, who work hard to create and serve Coffee. It also aims to promote and celebrate coffee as a beverage, with events now occurring in places across the world.


The International Coffee Organization has agreed to institute the date on 1 October 2015 at a meeting held on 3-7 March 2014. The day was launched in Milan as part of Expo 2015.


Sanjay Kapoor awarded Most Inspiring Indian Bollywood Actor in UK.

• Sanjay Kapoor appointed for most of the inspiring Indian Bollywood Actor in UK. The actor has been a part of some of the best films in the past. The actor has been recognised for all the performances he has put together, and in fact, he is also relatively popular. The actor also received an award for his performance.

He has received an award at the House of Common Parliament of the United Kingdom, for being the Most Inspiring Indian Bollywood Actor.

Dil Sambhal Ja Zara to the web series and my recent Bollywood release Mission Mangal. The web series has recently been nominated at the Emmys which feels great. It is a 30 minutes video which is being present.

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Important Current Affairs 29th September 2019


Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh commissions indigenously built submarine INS Khanderi

• Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh made concerted efforts to modernize the Navy and equip it with the best platforms, weapons, and sensors to deal with any conventional and unconventional threats to India’s maritime interests.  The launch of INS Nilgiri the first of the Navy's seven new stealth frigates, at Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited in Mumbai.

• Around 70% of India’s trade by value and 95% by volume is taking place through the sea route and even a slight disruption of seaborne trade due to piracy, terrorism or conflict could have serious repercussions on the economic growth and well-being of the nation.

Pilot Project for ushering in Industry 4.0 in the country is launched

• A Pilot Project for ushering in the Industry 4.0 in the country, is launched for implementation at the Modern Coach Factory (MCF), Raebareli.

• The Ministry of Railways and Department of Science & Technology have joined hands in partnership with IIT Kanpur for taking up a unique project on Industry 4.0 launching a Pilot Project for implementation at Modern Coach Factory, Raebareli.

• The launch ceremony exchange of Ideas between Railway Board (Member Rolling Stock), Shri Rajesh Agrawal, Secretary Department of Science & Technology Shri Ashutosh Sharma, Professor N.S.Vyas of IIT Kanpur, DG RDSO Shri Virendra Kumar, General Manager MCF Shri V.M. Srivatsava some other senior Officials of the Railway Board and the Ministry of HRD.

• The department recently launched a new programme “Interdisciplinary Cyber Physical Systems (ICPS)” to foster and promote R&D in this emerging field of research.

AP government cancels Bauxite mining in Visakhapatnam

• Andhra Pradesh government collecting a ‘green tax’ besides imposing a ban on single-use plastic. The bauxite mining lease in about 1,520 hectares in Jarella of Chintapalli agency area in Visakhapatnam district, given to the Andhra Pradesh Mineral Development Corporation (APMDC) for a period of 30 years.

• The growing pollution levels and its impact, chief minister Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy. Around one lakh tonnes of waste is being generated from pharma companies.

• The department officials to prepare a proposal within one month to promote the protection of the environment and prevention of pollution, and also asked them to study and observe various steps taken by other countries in preserving the environment. The pollution levels in Visakhapatnam are very high. It should be prevented immediately if not there will be severe consequences.

• The AP stands in first position in the country in exporting huge amount of sea products. The current pollution control board should be purified. At the same time industries should not be affected


Astronomers 13-Billion-Year-Old Protocluster Galaxy Discovered

• Astronomers have discovered a 13-billion-year-old galaxy cluster that is the earliest ever observed.The early-stage cluster called a protocluster is not easy to find Yuichi Harikane, a researcher at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan who led the international team.

• A protocluster is a rare and special system with an extremely high density.The researchers used the wide viewing field of the Subaru telescope in Hawaii to map a large area of the sky in their search.

The discovery of the protocluster, a collection of 12 galaxies, suggests that large cosmic structures were present in the very early stages of the universe which scientists believe was born 13.8 billion years ago.

• The 12 galaxies is known as Himiko, a giant gas cloud found in 2009 by using the same telescope.It is reasonable to find a protocluster near a massive object such as Himiko.

Nepal Central Bank releases 3 coins to mark Guru Nanak Dev's birth anniversary

• The Central Bank of Nepal released three coins to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sikh Guru Nanak Dev. The coins with denomination of NPR (Nepali Rupees) 100, 1000 and 2500 were jointly launched by Governor of Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB) Chiranjibi Nepal and Indian Ambassador to Nepal Manjeev Singh Puri at Hotel Aloft in Kathmandu .

• The coins possess monetary value and its sale will start from September 30, the NRB said. "Proud to be a Sikh today. Proud to be a follower of Guru Nanak Dev. Sikhs residing in every part of the world that too in large numbers.

• On the occasion, both dignitaries launched a book showcasing the Sikh heritage in Nepal. It has been published by BP Koirala India-Nepal Foundation in co-ordination with Embassy of India in Nepal.


FM Reviews Capital Expenditure and Payments of Maharatnas and Navratnas CPSE's

• Union Minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman to review their capital expenditure till date and plans for the next two quarters of this financial year.

• This meeting was held as part of the series of meetings that the Finance Minister has been having with various stakeholders and the measures that have been taken to accelerate the economic growth rate.

• The Meeting was attended by Finance Secretary  Shri Rajeev Kumar , Secretary DEA Shri Atanu Chakraborty & Secretary Expenditure Shri GC Murmu & Heads /Representatives  of 32 CPSEs .

• The combined capital expenditure by the Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) and Departmental Undertakings (DUs) such as the NHAI and the Indian Railways contribute in substantial measure to fixed assets creation in the economy.

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Important Current Affairs 28th September 2019


India and Thailand sign trade agreements for Rs 2,400 crore.

• Thailand and India have signed agreements for Rs 2,400 crores

Aim: To boost trade ties between the two countries

The pacts were across segments including rubber, construction material, food and beverages, logistics. The breakup of the agreements, Laksana Visit on his first visit to India said the agreements signed in Mumbai total 4.45 billion Thai baht (about Rs 900 crore) while in Chennai, it was 7.623 billion Thai baht (about Rs 1,500 crore).

The total trade generated by this trip is 12.075 billion Thai baht.

The main objective of the visit was to strengthen strategic partnership with India, expand new business opportunities. The Indian domestic industry can meet about 40 per cent of rubber but India requires 60 per cent of the demand to import rubber.

The Indian market was growing steadily as it was not affected by the trade war which was currently on with many other countries.The officials from the Ministry of Commerce, Thailand Rubber Authority and many private sectors for their business opportunities. Thailand inviting Indian businesses to sign another memorandum of understanding in November and they would launch an initiative to launch Thai products to be available in the Indian market.


India’s biggest brands HDFC Bank retains top rank for sixth time in a row.

• HDFC Bank topped the WPP-Kantar BrandZ Top 75 Most Valuable Indian Brands ranking for the sixth time in a row. BFSI brands have dominated the top 10 ranking list this year. According to the report, banking brands made up the largest share of the BrandZ Top 75 and owned 23% of the total brand value of $53.3 billion.

Life Insurance Corporation of India and State Bank of India retained their positions in the ranking at No. 2 and No. 5, respectively.

Kotak Mahindra Bank and ICICI Bank and got 5, 6th positions recently.

In 2018, HDFC Bank’s brand value grew by 5% and was evaluated to be around $22.7 billion. While the growth of the bank’s brand value has declined from 21% in 2018 to 5% in 2019, the report states that the bank seems to buck the global trend.

Brand Z Top 100 Most Valuale

The BrandZ Top 100 Most Valuable Global Brands study reported an 8% decline in value of the top 20 global banks.  B2B technology services, including brands like Tata Consultancy Services secured 3rd position and Infosys secured 11th position the second largest category, commanding a combined $27.8 billion in brand value. Asian Paints and Maruti Suzuki were the other brands on the top 10 list.

Jio established its larger ambitions beyond telecom, was the fastest riser in the 2019 ranking. The brand managed to solidify its place in the top 10 list at No. 9 with a 34% increase in brand value to $5.5 billion. Jio came in at No. 10 with an estimated brand value of $4.1 billion. Telecom brand Airtel retained its rank at No. 4 with a decline in brand value of 10% from $11.5 billion to $10.3 billion.

Indian unicorn brands Oyo ($2 billion), Swiggy ($1.6 billion) and Zomato ($1 billion) were newcomers to the ranking at No. 30, No. 39 and No. 61, respectively.India’s biggest brands: HDFC Bank retains top rank for sixth time in a row

The BrandZ Top 75 Most Valuable Indian Brands ranking is based on market data from Bloomberg, consumer insights from around 3.7 million consumers globally, and includes opinions from around one lakh Indian consumers on 1,000 brands in 80 categories.BFSI brands have dominated the top 10 ranking list this year. According to the report, banking brands made up the largest share of the BrandZ Top 75 and owned 23% of the total brand value of $53.3 billion.Life Insurance Corporation of India and State Bank of India retained their positions in the ranking at No. 2 and No. 5, respectively. Kotak Mahindra Bank moved up a notch, from No. 7 last year to No. 6 this year, while ICICI Bank dropped one rank and was ranked No. 10 in 2019. Together, banking and insurance brands commanded 34% of the top 75 ranking.

In 2018, HDFC Bank’s brand value grew by 5% and was evaluated to be around $22.7 billion. While the growth of the bank’s brand value has declined from 21% in 2018 to 5% in 2019, the report states that the bank seems to buck the global trend.

The BrandZ Top 100 Most Valuable Global Brands study reported an 8% decline in value of the top 20 global banks.  B2B technology services, including brands like Tata Consultancy Services (No. 3) and Infosys (No. 11), was the second largest category, commanding a combined $27.8 billion in brand value. Asian Paints and Maruti Suzuki were the other brands on the top 10 list.

Jio, which has established its larger ambitions beyond telecom, was the fastest riser in the 2019 ranking. The brand managed to solidify its place in the top 10 list at No. 9 with a 34% increase in brand value to $5.5 billion. Last year, Jio came in at No. 10 with an estimated brand value of $4.1 billion. Telecom brand Airtel retained its rank at No. 4 with a decline in brand value of 10% from $11.5 billion to $10.3 billion


England woman wicket-keeper Sarah Taylor retires from International Cricket.

• England wicket-keeper Sarah Taylor called time on her international career, a statement from the England Cricket Board.

Sarah Taylor

She made her England debut in 2006. She scored 6,553 international runs is second on England Women's all-time list of run-scorers. Taylor was also a magnetic keeper behind the stumps creating waves with her innovative methods that led her to 232 dismissals, the most in women's cricket. She previously goes on an indefinite break from cricket after the 2016 World T20 in India before returning for the 2017 World Cup.

Air Marshal B Suresh appointed Western Air Commander of Indian Air Force.

• The Indian Air Force (IAF) appointed Air Marshal B Suresh as Western Air Commander of the Force in New Delhi.

He will succeed Kargil war hero Air Marshal Raghunath Nambiar on October 31.

Suresh (PVSM, AVSM, VM, ADC) was the Air Officer Commanding in Chief (AOC-in-C) of the Indian Air Force’s Southern Air Command.

He assumed this charge from RKS Bhadauria on August 1, 2018.

Air Marshal RKS Bhadauria appointed as its new chief.

The first IAF officer to fly the Rafale fighter jet, Bhadauria was also involved in finalising the deal with France for the fighter jet.

He is also a post-graduate from Cranfield University in Shrivenham, United Kingdom.

The youngest officers to be awarded the presidential award of AVSM as a Group Captain, Suresh was awarded Vayu Sena Medal in 2001 and Param Vishisht Seva Medal in 2019.

He was appointed as the honorary Aide-de-Camp (ADC) to the President of India on 1 March 2019.

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Important Current Affairs 27th September 2019


India ranks 44 in the World digital competitiveness rankings

• According to a global report, India has ranked 44th in World digital competitiveness rankings in 2019. India stood 48th rank in the year 2019. India has made various improvement in terms of knowledge and future readiness to adopt and explore digital technologies.

Also, according to the IMD World Digital Competitiveness Ranking 2019 (WDCR), with great advancement in the technology sub-factor level, India holds the first position in telecommunications investment.

• Parameter:

The ranking list is produced by the IMD World Competitiveness Center. The rankings are based on various measures including the capacity and  preparedness to adopt and explore digital technologies as a key driver for economic transformation in business, government and wider society.

WDCR examines three factors for the evaluation of an economy. The factors namely:

♦ knowledge, the capacity to understand and learn the new technologies and

♦ technology, the competence to develop new digital innovations

♦ future-readiness, the preparedness for the coming developments.

Vikram had hard landing, NASA releases high-resolution images of Chandrayaan 2

• The United States premier space agency NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Chandrayaan-2's Vikram lander had a hard landing on the Moon's surface. While releasing high-resolution images captured by its Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) during a lunar flyby.

• The Vikram lander attempted a soft landing on a small patch of lunar highland smooth plains between Simpelius N and Manzinus C craters on September 7 contact with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).The agency verify the exact location of the spacecraft. The images captured by LROC also do not pinpoint Chandrayaan 2 Vikram lander's location but it is possible that it is hiding in shadow.

• India's first attempt at a soft landing on the Moon. The site was located about 600 kilometers from the south pole in a relatively ancient terrain.The LRO passed over the landing site on September 17 and acquired a set of high-resolution images of the area; so far the LROC team has not been able to locate or image the lander.


CIAL won an international award for passenger satisfaction by ACI

• Cochin International Airport Limited (CIAL) has been selected as the best airport in the Asia-Pacific region in terms of services it offered to passengers. The airport was recognized by Airport Council International (ACI).

• The award was presented to the authorities of Cochin International Airport at the second Annual ACI Customer Experience Global Summit held at Bali, Indonesia.

• Airport Council International (ACI) conducted an annual survey in the 5-15 million passenger category in Airport Service Quality's (ASQ) and CIAL topped among them. One airport from Indonesia has also won recognition in the same category.


Amazon India to train individuals with autism

• Amazon India announced its partnership with a non-governmental organisation (NGO) - Sol's ARC .They planned to launch an industry first pilot programme to train young adults with autism and intellectual disabilities.

• This programme will enable their successful integration into the workforce and help them gain financial independence. will work closely with Sol's ARC to create internship opportunities for them across different parts of its fulfilment network.

• The NGO would also help create awareness among Amazon employees about autism and intellectual disabilities. More than 350 associates who are deaf with speech disabilities are part of the Amazon network across the country's fulfilment centres, sortation centres and delivery stations.


Headquarters: Seattle, Washington, United States

CEO: Jeff Bezos

Founder: Jeff Bezos


Infosys won the United Nations Global Climate Action Award

• Infosys won the prestigious United Nations Global Climate Action Award in the Climate Neutral Now category. Infosys, a global leader in next-generation digital services and consulting, is the only corporate from India to earn the award. The award recognized the company's efforts to combat climate change. The award will be presented to Infosys at the UN Climate Change Conference (COP25) which has been scheduled to be held on December 2019 in Santiago, Chile.

Organized by:

The UN Global Climate Action Award is organized by the Momentum for Change initiative of the UN Climate Change Secretariat.

The winners were selected based on innovative solutions that address climate change and help drive progress on many other sustainable development goals, such as poverty alleviation, gender equality, and economic opportunity.


World Maritime Day was observed on 27 September

• World Maritime Day was observed on 27 September every year. The day aims to raise awareness about the importance of shipping safety, maritime security and the marine environment.


The theme for the 2019 World Maritime Day is Empowering women in the maritime community. The theme aims to raise awareness of the importance of gender equality. The theme is in line with the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The theme also highlights the important contribution of women within the maritime sector.

World Tourism Day is observed on 27 September

• World Tourism Day is observed on 27 September every year. For the first time, India is hosting the World Tourism Day. The Day aims to raise awareness about the role of tourism around the world. It also ensures to promote social, cultural, political and economic values.


The theme for the 2019 World Tourism Day is Tourism and Jobs: a better future for all.

The theme focuses on:

♦ The need for fresh policies to maximize the potential of tourism. It is expected that new policies can create more and better jobs, especially for youth and women.

♦ To create jobs in tourism as it is required to reflect and incorporate ongoing advances in technology. Tourism is generating 10% of world jobs.


Deepak Punia reached first rank in Wrestling Ranking

• World Championship silver medallist wrestler Deepak Punia jumped to world number one position in 6kg. He lost the top rank in the 65kg category in the latest rankings issued by the international federation (UWW).

• He settled for a silver after an ankle injury forced him to pull out of the final against Iranian great Hasan Yazdani. The 20-year-old now has 82 points, four more than World Champion Yazdani.

• Deepak won a silver Yasar Dogu and bronze medals at Asian Championship and at Sassari tournaments. He has been rewarded for his consistent show.

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Important Current Affairs 26th September 2019


Mukesh Ambani tops the 2019 IIFL Wealth Hurun India Rich List

• The eighth IIFL Wealth Hurun India Rich List 2019 was released on 25 September 2019. Reliance Industries' Chairman Mukesh Ambani has topped the IIFL Wealth Hurun India Rich List. He has topped for the eighth consecutive year, with a net worth of Rs 3,80,700 crore.

• The list reported that 953 individuals crossed the Rs.1,000 crore threshold to make the list. According to IIFL, the combined wealth of top 25 in the list equates to 10% of India's GDP and that of 953 accounts for 27%.


HDFC Bank, IOC launch co-branded fuel credit card for users from non-metro cities

• HDFC Bank in partnership with Indian Oil launched a co-branded fuel card for users from non-metro cities and towns which will be available on both RuPay and Visa platforms.

• The card was launched at an event here by IOCL's Executive Director (Retail Sales) Vigyan Kumar and HDFC Bank's Country Head, Payments Business and Marketing, Parag Rao.The card offers customers highest rewards and benefits on fuel consumption and will be available on both RuPay and Visa platforms.

• Customers earn reward points known as 'fuel points' at over 27,000 IOCL outlets. They also earn fuel points on all other spends such as groceries, bill payments, utilities and other shopping. These points can be redeemed for up to 50 litres of fuel annually.

• The card was also simultaneously launched across 135 Indian oil outlets in Bhopal, Lucknow, Indore, Ranchi, Kochi, Visakhapatnam, Guwahati, Nagpur, Shillong, Varanasi, Jalandhar and Panjim, among others.

PNB launched Preventive Vigilance portal

Punjab National Bank (PNB) launched a Preventive Vigilance (PV) portal on 25 September. The bank conducted a meeting at the PNB Corporate Office to promote vigilance awareness. The meeting was chaired by Central Vigilance Commissioner Sharad Kumar.


The Preventive Vigilance portal aims to facilitate the bank's staff members to check procedural lapses and promote good practices.

PV Portal:

♦ The PV portal will facilitate all staff members to contribute towards arresting procedural lapses and unhealthy practices

♦ It will usher in a coherent climate conducive to banking for the modern age.

♦ The first of its kind portal includes other activities, such as the inauguration of the e-pledge mission, social outreach through technological platforms.

♦ The bank promoted the portal under the central theme Integrity-A way of Life.


Bharti Airtel appoints Gopal Vittal as HR head for India, South Asia

• Bharti Airtel has appointed Gopal Vittal as an interim chief people officer for India. The current chief people officer for India, South Asia, Gautam Anand, has resigned his position with immediate effect. Gopal Vittal is currently the CEO of the company.

Gautam Anand:

Gautam Anand has been working with Airtel since 2009. He was elevated to the ranks while working in different capacities. He has worked as the head of human resources for India and South Asia operations. In May 2012, he was elevated to the position of vice-president, chief of staff for CEO, India & South Asia. In this role, he was closely associated with the CEO in all aspects of business management, including performance reviews, strategic updates for the board of directors, and internal and external stakeholder management.

Rajiva Sinha to be Appointed as New Chief Secretary of West Bengal

• Rajiva Sinha will be the new chief secretary of West Bengal, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee.

• Sinha is currently the additional chief secretary to the health and family welfare department.

• He is a 1985 batch IAS officer, was appointed the chief secretary in 2017 after the retirement of Basudeb Banerjee.

West Bengal

Governor: Jagdeep Dhankhar

Capital: Kolkata

Chief minister: Mamata Banerjee


Visa appoints PV Sindhu as its brand ambassador

• Visa, the payment technology company, has signed up the world badminton champion Pusarla Venkata Sindhu as its brand ambassador for two years. She will be promoting the brand through advertising campaigns.

Apart from this, Sindhu has become an athlete member of Team Visa for the Olympic Games Tokyo 2020.

• Team Visa:

Since 1986, Visa has been supporting the Olympic Games as a worldwide sponsor. Visa has also signed a contract as the exclusive payment technology partner through 2032. Team Visa is the company's global athlete support program to assist athletes who aspire to the Olympic and Paralympic podiums. The athletes under the program are selected based on their expected demonstration of strong competitive performance at the Olympic and Paralympic Games. The program has supported over 400 Olympic and Paralympic athletes.

Vedaant won silver at International Swimming Championship

• Actor R Madhavan , 14-year-old son Vedaant clinched a silver medal in the 4x100m freestyle relay for Group II boys at the Asian Age Group Swimming Championship. Vedaant, along with other participants Utkarsh Patil, Sahil Laskar and Shoan Ganguly, won a silver medal in the category.

• Thailand scored the gold medal and Japan won bronze in the third spot.India won gold in the 4x100m men's freestyle relay at the Asian Age Group Swimming Championship.

• Madhavan shared an appreciation post for the young swimmers including his son. India gets her silver medal at the Asian Games.

Vedaant along with other participants Utkarsh Patil, Sahil Laskar, and Shoan Ganguly, won a silver medal in the category.

N Srinivasan's Daughter Rupa Gurunath Becomes First Woman To Head A BCCI State Unit

• Rupa Gurunath, daughter of former BCCI chief N. Srinivasan elected unopposed as president of the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association (TNCA), She is the first woman to head a state unit of the Indian Board. Rupa is the wife of Gurunath Meiyappan, who is serving a life ban for his involvement in the 2013 Indian Premier League (IPL) spot-fixing scandal.

• She is elected at the TNCA's 87th Annual General Meeting in Chennai.The TNCA's Executive meeting decided to hold the elections.TNCA recently hit the headlines after unnamed officials, coaches and players in its franchise-based Tamil Nadu Premier League were accused of being involved in match-fixing.

The Supreme Court allowed the TNCA to hold elections for its office-bearers.

• The results of elections will be subject to the order of the top court and legal remedies will be available to parties involved.

The Committee of Administrators (CoA) governing Indian cricket in its submissions before the apex court complained that the TNCA comply with the new BCCI constitution.

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Important Current Affairs 25th September 2019


Ministry of WCD organized Poshan Maah event

• The Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) as part of the POSHAN Maah organized a one day camp in Shastri Bhavan in New Delhi. Rabindra Panwar, Secretary, Ministry of WCD inaugurated the Test, Treat and Talk (T 3) Anaemia and Defeat Diarrhoea (D 2) camp in New Delhi. The Ministry aims to create awareness regarding simple solutions to Anaemia and Diarrhoea.

• POSHAN Abhiyaan:

POSHAN (Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition) Abhiyaan or National Nutrition Mission is Government of India’s flagship programme to improve nutritional outcomes for children, pregnant women, and lactating mothers. It was launched by Prime Minister Modi on the International Women’s Day on 8 March 2018. The scheme has directed the attention of the country towards the problem of malnutrition and addresses it in a mission-mode.


SBI Life Insurance signs corporate agency pact with Repco Home Finance

• SBI Life Insurance signed a corporate agency agreement with city-based Repco Home Finance Ltd to offer the company’s range of products to RHFL customers.The partnership would see over 148 branches and 27 satellite centers of RHFL spread across the country to offer SBI Life Insurance products to its customers.

• The longevity associated with life insurance demands a very high level of consumer trust, which is built with tie-ups with highly credible distribution partners. This tie-up with Repco Home Finance is step in this direction which will help boost SBI Life’s reach to new customers across geographies.

• The tie-up will enable every RHFL customer to meet their diverse insurance needs.Consumers will have a direct access to SBI Life’s wide range of products in protection, retirement, health thereby empowering consumer to address their complete financial needs

The agreement was signed by RHFL CFO T Karunakaran, General Manager K Prabhu and SBI Life, Regional Director, E Thirumudi Pandian in the presence of Repco Home Finance Ltd MD and CEO, Yashpal Gupta and others.


Government of India has instituted Sardar Patel National Unity Award

• Government of India has instituted Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. It will be the highest civilian award in the field of contribution to the unity and integrity of India. The Ministry of Home Affairs notified the institution of the Sardar Patel National Unity Award on 20th September 2019.


The Award recognizes the contributions to promote the cause of national unity and integrity and to reinforce the value of a strong and united India. The award will be announced on the occasion of the birth anniversary of Sardar Patel on 31st October. The day is observed as the National Unity Day.

Award committee:

Centre has also instituted an Award Committee for the selection of the award recipient. The panel constitutes of the Prime Minister including the Cabinet Secretary, Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister, Secretary to the President, Home Secretary as Members and three-four eminent persons selected by the Prime Minister.

About the Award:

The Award shall be conferred by the President. Not more than three Awards will be given in a year. The Award comprises of a medal and a citation. No cash award prize would be attached to the Award.

Binny Bansal gets IIT Delhi distinguished alumni award

• Flipkart Co-founder Binny Bansal has become the youngest alumnus this year to be recognized as a distinguished alumnus by IIT Delhi. He was recognized for the outstanding contribution made in entrepreneurship.

Binny Bansal:

Binny is the co-founder of e-commerce platform Flipkart. He co-founded Flipkart along with Sachin Bansal in 2007. He had quit as Flipkart's Group CEO in November 2018. He has been recognized as distinguished alumni by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi.

• He was graduated from the prestigious institution in 2005. He is the youngest alumni to be awarded this year for his outstanding contribution made in entrepreneurship.

Greta Thunberg, 16 year old, won alternative Nobel Prize

• Swedish teenager Greta Thunberg was named as one of four winners of the 2019 Right Livelihood Award. The award is also known as Sweden's alternative Nobel Prize. She was awarded for inspiring and amplifying political demands for urgent climate action reflecting scientific facts. The award was announced by the Right Livelihood Foundation. The awardees triggered a thirst to strive for a liveable future for all on planet Earth.


Along with Thunberg, 3 other visionaries were awarded. The award recipients are:

♦ Swedish teenager Greta Thunberg

♦ Chinese women's rights lawyer Guo Jianmei

♦ Davi Kopenawa of the Yanomami people, the Brazilian indigenous leader

♦ Western Sahara human rights defender Aminatou Haidar.

The 4 laureates received a cash award of 1 million Swedish crowns ($103,000) each.


Godavarthi Venkata Srinivas appointed as Ambassador of India to the Republic of Guinea Bissau

• Shri Godavarthi Venkata Srinivas has been appointed as the next Ambassador of India to the Republic of Guinea Bissau. India and Guinea Bissau have maintained warm and friendly relations so far.

• Godavarthi Venkata Srinivas:

Godavarthi Venkata Srinivas is a 1993 batch-IFS officer. He is presently the Ambassador of India to the Republic of Senegal.

• Guinea Bissau:

President: José Mário Vaz

Prime Minister: Aristides Gomes

Capital: Bissau

Currency: West African CFA franc (XOF)

India and Guinea Bissau have maintained warm and friendly relations so far. The Guinea Bissau government has always been supportive of India. A regular cooperation between the countries has been happening at international fora such as the UN and NAM. In May 2010, an Honorary Consulate of India in Bissau was inaugurated.


Koneru Humpy wins 2019 Skolkovo FIDE Womens Grand Prix

• Koneru Humpy wins Skolkovo FIDE Women's Grand Prix 2019 for women title at Skolkovo, Russia. The Indian grandmaster Koneru scored eight points in 11 games with six draws and five wins.

• Skolkovo FIDE Women's Grand Prix 2019:

The Skolkovo FIDE Women's Grand Prix 2019 is a 12-player round-robin taking place in Skolkovo. It was held in Moscow from 11-22 September 2019. The game forms the 1st of four stages of the 2019-20 FIDE Women's Grand Prix.

• It will determine two places in the 2021 Candidates Tournament. In the event, 16 players competed in the series. Each will be playing in three of the four events. The prize includes 80,000 euros, with 15,000 euros and 160 Grand Prix points for the winner.

Shafali Verma became the youngest women player to play T20I for India

• Shafali Verma, 15, became the youngest women player to play Twenty20 International (T20I) for India. She achieved the feat at the age of 15 years and 239 days. She played the T20I for the first time against South Africa at Lalabhai Contractor Stadium, Surat. Shafali is also the second youngest to play an international match for the Indian team after Gargi Banerji.

• Previous record:

The previous record was held by Sneha Deepthi. Ms. Deepthi had made her debut at the age of 16 years and 204 days against Bangladesh in 2013.

Shafali Verma:

Shafali Verma was born on January 28, 2004, in Rohtak, Haryana. The Right-hand batswoman played for major teams including Haryana Women, Velocity. In September 2019 she was selected in India's Women's Twenty20 International (WT20I) team. On 24 September 2019, She made her WT20I debut for India, against South Africa.

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Important Current Affairs 23rd September 2019


Actor Govinda appointed as the brand ambassador of Madhya Pradesh.

• Madhya Pradesh government appoint filmstar Govinda as brand ambassador to promote the state’s traditions and tourist places. It is Kamal Nath government’s intention that the message about the state’s traditions and tourist destinations should reach the masses. The government plans to set up a film city in the state and plans to promote Madhya Pradesh as a destination for film making. Madhya Pradesh Governor: Lalji Tandon Capital: Bhopal Chief minister: Kamal Nath.


Journalist Ravish Kumar awarded first Gauri Lankesh Memorial Award.

• NDTV's Ravish Kumar was awarded the first Gauri Lankesh Memorial Award for Journalism by the Gauri Lankesh Memorial Trust.

• He was awarded the 2019 Ramon Magsaysay Award last month.

Gehlot distributed prizes to the winners of 2nd Sign Language Competition.

• Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot distributed prizes to the students of 2nd Sign Language Competition on the occasion of Sign Language Day which was observed on 23 September. The day was observed by the Indian Sign Language Research and Training Centre (ISLRTC), an autonomous body under the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

ISLRTC events:

Children with a hearing disability who is studying in Delhi-NCR presented jokes, stories, and essays in Indian Sign Language. The students have showcased their creativity and knowledge in their submissions.

 The programme included cultural performances like drama and songs in ISL by the students and faculty members of ISLRTC and presentation of awards to children with hearing disability.

India's effort:

Government of India is committed to bringing all Divyangjans into the mainstream. ISLRTC has introduced a Dictionary of 6000 Sign Language words. It is expected that 4000 more new Sign Words will be added into it by 2020. Other efforts are being taken at the national and international level.

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Important Current Affairs 22nd September 2019


India's Petronet signs MoU with US firm Tellurian to buy LNG.

State-run Petronet has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with US-based Tellurian to import up to five million tonnes per annum of liquefied natural gas (LNG). As per the deal, Petronet will make an equity investment, of reportedly $2.5 billion, in Tellurian's Driftwood project in Louisiana. The companies said they'll endeavour to finalise the transaction agreement by March 31, 2020.

N Srinivasan’s daughter Rupa set to become new TNCA president.

• Former BCCI president N Srinivasan's daughter Rupa Gurunath is set to become the first woman president of a BCCI affiliated unit as she will take over the position of the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association (TNCA) head. Notably, Rupa's husband Gurunath Meiyappan, former Team Principal of the Chennai Super Kings, has been banned for life by the BCCI.


Julie Andrews to receive AFI Lifetime Achievement Award.

• The American Film Institute (AFI) board of trustees on Friday announced that actress Julie Andrews will be honoured with the 48th Lifetime Achievement Award. "Julie Andrews is...perfect in every way," said Kathleen Kennedy, chair of the AFI board of trustees. She earlier won an Oscar for 'Mary Poppins' and is also known for her role in 'The Sound of Music'.


Panghal 1st Indian male boxer to win silver at World Championships.

• Amit Panghal has become the first Indian male boxer to win silver medal at the World Championships after suffering a defeat in the final. Panghal lost with a scoreline of 0-5 to Olympic champion Shakhobidin Zoirov of Uzbekistan in the 52-kg category final. The 23-year-old boxer defeated Kazakhstan's Saken Bibossinov 3-2 in the semi-final.

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Important Current Affairs 21st September 2019


US sanctions Iran's central bank in highest ever sanctions on a nation.

• US President Donald Trump announced a new round of sanctions against Iran's central bank, calling the new penalties the highest sanctions ever imposed on a country. His remarks came days after he ordered to substantially increase sanctions on Iran. The sanctions come after the US blamed Iran for the drone attacks on two Saudi oil facilities last week.

The latest sanctions action against Tehran affected the last source of funds for Iran.The action comes after Washington accused Iran for the weekend attacks on Saudi oil refineries.

He ordered the Treasury Department to substantially increase sanctions on the country.

Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif blasted the new round of sanctions.

Iranian foreign ministry spokesman Abbas Mousavi that the sanctions against Iran's Central Bank are nothing new, but same old bans in a different form. The US to accept that the policy of sanctions is a failed one.


India and Mongolia signed MoUs on space cooperation.

•  India and Mongolia signed MoUs on space cooperation and disaster management during the visit of the Mongolian President in India. The aim of the MoU is to provide a new dimension to the India-Mongolia strategic partnership.

Highlights of various MoU:

The agreements will allow India to lend its support to Mongolia in resource management and satellite communication. The space cooperation between the countries will lead to the peaceful exploration of outer space and include remote sensing, weather forecasting, and disaster management. The MoU would provide a framework to expand mutual cooperation among the countries.

Other agreements:

♦ Another MoU was signed between the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) of Mongolia and the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) of India for disaster risk reduction.

♦ The two countries took stock of the project to build a Cyber Security Training Centre to be established in Mongolia with Indian support.

♦ The military exercises between India and Mongolia named Nomadic Elephant and Khaan Quest are expected to be broadened.

♦ India will continue to help Mongolia with capacity building and training programmes for its citizens across diverse professions. India and Mongolia signed MoUs on space cooperation.


International Day of Peace is observed on 21 September.

• United Nations International Day of Peace is observed on September 21.

International Day of Peace 2019: Theme

The theme of International Day of Peace 2019 is Climate Action for Peace.

The theme focuses on the need of combating climate change as a way to protect and promote peace throughout the world. The climate change causes clear threats to international peace and security. Due to natural disasters millions of people are forced to leave their homes and seek safety. The food security is hampering by the salinization of water and crops.

International Day of Peace: History

The International Day of Peace established by the UN resolution on 1981. First time it was celebrated in 1982. It was celebrated on the third Tuesday of September each year. The main focus of declaring 21 September day as International Day of Peace is to encourage people to work in cooperation and to maintain worldwide peace.

In 2015, the United Nations member States adopted the 17 Sustainable Development Goals because it was understood that to obtain worldwide peace it is necessary to focus on the economic and social development for all people everywhere and to ensure that their rights were protected. The various issues are covered in the Sustainable Development Goals including poverty, health, education, climate change, gender equality, water, sanitation, energy, environment and social justice.

The Sustainable Development Goal 13 focuses on Climate Action, need for immediate call to all to lower greenhouse gas emissions, to build resilience and improve education on climate change. There is a need to encourage people about the use of renewable energy, clean technologies.

Every year UN International Day of Peace is celebrated to encourage people about worldwide peace which can be achieved by focusing on and understanding the factors of climate change.


Bajrang Punia won a bronze medal at the World Wrestling Championships.

• Bajrang Punia bagged the bronze medal in the World Wrestling Championships.

He defeated Mongolia's Tulga Tumur Ochir 8-7 to clinch the medal in the 65 kg weight category.

The wrestler was trailing to win in the match.

The 25-year-old had secured a spot for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics after an impressive 8-1 win over North Korea's Jong Son in the tournament.

 Vinesh Phogat became the first Indian wrestler to qualify for the upcoming global games.

He booked her place in the 53kg category. She bagged back-to-back gold medals in the 2014 and 2018 Commonwealth Games.

In the 2018 Asian Games, she clinched a gold medal in the 50kg category.

World Wrestling Championships

World Wrestling Championships are the Amateur Wrestling World Championships organized by the United World Wrestling.

The Men's Greco-Roman Wrestling tournament began in 1904, and the Men's Freestyle Wrestling tournament began in 1951.

The Women's Freestyle championships were first staged in 1987.

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