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Important Current Affairs 14th August

NATIONAL:

RPF launched Operation Number Plate.

• Railway Protection Force (RPF) of Indian Railways launched Operation “Number Plate”, a Special Drive to curb unidentified vehicles. The operation was launched under the direction of DG/RPF, Sh.Arun Kumar. All Local Police and Commercial Department of Railways showed their active interest in the operation.

Aim:

The unidentified vehicles pose a serious threat to the security and safety of passengers and other stake holders of railway.

RPF will identify and verify all vehicles parked in Railway premises, circulating area, parkings and even in the No Parking areas for longer duration.

The drive was conducted from 9th August to 11th August at 466 Railway Stations all over Indian Railways. A penalty of Rs.59000 have been recovered as the charges for unauthorized parking and 549 vehicles were towed away.

All RPF and Zonal Railways were instructed to continue the activity looking into threats related to security of Railways.

State of Art Gallery at National Crafts Museum inaugurated.

• A Textiles Gallery at National Crafts Museum was inaugurated in New Delhi on 13 August by the Union Minister of Textiles and Women and Child Development, Smriti Zubin Irani.

Aim:

The collection aims to help people explore, enjoy, and rediscover the world of Indian textiles through design and technology.

Collections in the gallery:

The Gallery consists of more than 230 different types of textiles collections more than 30 traditions. Five zones were displayed in the gallery. Zones has been named as weaving, embroidery, dying (Ikatpatola), pattern (Bandhej, Kalamkari, and Leheria) and TanaBana based on the intricacies of the textiles.

The gallery exhibits the fine Indian Craftsmanship to public. The rich collection displayed the importance of conserving India’s rich heritage of handlooms for the next generations. It will serve as a resource centre for the students of fashion technology, apparel sciences and textiles designing.

Under three categories the handlooms were displayed:

Pre Loom “Ikat”: The design that are already visualized and transferred to the yarn before the yarn is placed on the loom.

On- Loom: The design enters the loom while weaving brocade, muslin, jamdani, weaved shawls, weaved sarees.

Post Loom: Displays the techniques that can be done on cloth after it is woven-block printing, embroidery and kalamkari comes in this category.

AGREEMENTS AND MOU’s:

Indian Navy signed MoU with CIAL.

• Naval Air Enclave (NAE), Kochi signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Cochin International Airport Limited (CIAL) in a formal function held at CIAL. The agreement was signed by Captain Satish Kumar S, Officer-in-Charge, NAE and Shri ACK Nair, Airport Director CIAL.

The MoU was aimed with the commencement of naval air operations from the NAE, a naval aviation facility at CIAL in Nedumbassery. The MoU sets the standard operating procedures for CIAL and the Indian Navy. It also ensures safe, secure and uninterrupted military air operations.

About the Facility:

The facility will comprise of an independent dispersal, aircraft hangar, administrative building and taxy track. The facility will be located on the northwest side of CIAL. The Naval runway at INS Garuda is not enough for the landing and take-off of long-range maritime reconnaissance anti-submarine warfare aircraft. Hence, the CIAL runway will be used by the Military aircraft for take off and landing and the NAE taxy track for proceeding to and from the hangar.

BANKS AND ECONOMICS:

RBI launches regulatory sandbox for Fintech companies.

• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issued the final framework for regulatory sandbox (RS) for the startups, banks and financial institutions. The Fintech companies can now set up their own RS for live testing of innovative products in areas like retail payments, digital KYC and wealth management.

Aim:

The framework aims to enable innovations in the financial technology space. It will also foster responsible innovation in financial services, promote efficiency and bring benefit to consumers.

It will encourage innovations that are intended for use in the Indian market in areas where there is absence of governing regulations.

Eligibility to enter RS:

Fintech companies including startups, banks, financial institutions and any other company partnering with or providing support to financial services businesses.

Guidelines:

As per the guidelines:

Mobile technology applications, data analytics, application program interface (APIs) services, applications under block chain technologies, and artificial intelligence and machine learning applications can also be considered for testing under RS.

The sandbox entity should ensure that any existing obligations to the customers of the financial service under experimentation are fulfilled or addressed before exiting or discontinuing the RS.

Regulatory Sandbox (RS):

A regulatory sandbox refers to live testing of new products or services in a controlled/test regulatory environment. The regulators can permit certain regulatory relaxations for the limited purpose of the testing.

AWARDS:

Vir Chakra for Abhinandnan Varthaman who downed F-16 flying a MiG-21.

• Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman will be awarded the Vir Chakra, the country’s third highest war-time gallantry award, on Independence Day for shooting down a Pakistani F-16 during a dogfight over the Line of Control on February 27, two officials said on the condition of anonymity on Wednesday.

• The February 27 dogfight took place a day after the Mirage-2000s struck targets in Balakot in response to the Pulwama suicide attack in Kashmir in which 40 Central Reserve Police Force men were killed on February 14.

• Vir Chakra is India’s third-highest wartime gallantry award, after the Param Vir Chakra and the Maha Vir Chakra.

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Important Current Affairs 13th August 2019

NATIONAL:

National Health Authority plans to include all types of cancer and its treatment under PM JAY Scheme

• The National Health Authority (NHA)plans to include all types of cancer and its treatment under the Ayushman Bharat Yojana- Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY) healthcare packages. The plain awaits approval from the governing body and the entire process will take around 3 month.

• The central government's health insurance scheme are cost-effective, proven and beneficial to the patients. It will now cover the various types of medical procedures,that include chemotherapy, surgery and radiation.

• The announcement aims to give medical cover to over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families of approximately 50 crore beneficiaries. The scheme will now provide coverage of up to Rs.5 lakh per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalisation.

INTERNATIONAL:

Alejandro Giammattei was elected as the President of Guatemala

• Alejandro Giammattei was elected as the President of Guatemala in a run-off in the country’s Supreme Electoral Council court. He will assume office on 14 January, 2020. He defeated the former first lady Sandra Torres from the centrist National Unity of Hope party.

He won on his fourth try. He won 58.26% of the votes after 98% of voting centres had been counted. Former first lady Sandra Torres won 40% of votes.

• Alejandro Giammattei:

Alejandro Giammattei is a 63-year-old conservative candidate and former surgeon. He was the director of the country’s prison system. He was involved in a scandal over extrajudicial killings in a prison in Guatemala. In 2010, he was arrested but was acquitted after 10 months in pre-trial detention.

• Republic of Guatemala:

President: Alejandro Giammattei

Vice President: Jafeth Cabrera

Capital: Guatemala City

Currency: Quetzal (GTQ)

Official languages: Spanish

BUSINESS AND ECONOMY:

Saudi Aramco remains worlds most profitable company

• Saudi Aramco is the world’s most profitable company and paid out almost all its net income in dividends. The corporate titans such as Apple Inc., Amazon.com Inc., and other big oil producers, many of which suffered larger declines in profit as output and crude prices fell. The Aramco paid out $46.4 billion in dividends in the first half. That included a $20 billion special payout to its owner.The Saudi government compares with a $6 billion payout last year.

The particular interest to potential investors ahead of an initial public offering planned for 2020 or 2021 according to money manager T. Rowe Price Group Inc.

• Aramco, officially known as Saudi Arabian Oil Co., published annual financial statements for the first time in April, ahead of a $12 billion bond sale.

• The average selling price for Aramco’s crude fell to $66 a barrel in the first half from $69 a year earlier, while crude production held steady at 10 million barrels of oil equivalent a day. Unlike most other energy companies, Aramco’s output is controlled by the state the world’s biggest oil exporter and the hefty royalties and taxes it pays underpin the Saudi economy.

Reliance Jio and Microsoft partner to accelerate digital transformation in India

• Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited (Jio)and Microsoft Corporation companies have a unique relationship.

Their main aim is at accelerating the digital transformation of the Indian economy and society.

• This 10-year commitment combines the world-class capabilities of both companies to offer a detailed set of solutions comprising connectivity, computing, storage solutions, and other technology services and applications essential for Indian businesses

• Jio and Microsoft aim to enhance the adoption of leading technologies like data analytics, AI, cognitive services, blockchain, Internet of Things, and edge computing among small and medium enterprises to make them ready to compete and grow, while helping accelerate technology-led GDP growth in India and driving adoption of next-gen technology solutions at scale.

DAYS:

Vikram Sarabhai's 100th birth anniversary observed on 12 August

• Founder of ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) and Father of the Indian Space Program, Vikram Sarabhai’s 100th birth anniversary observed across the country.

• He established Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad on 11 November 1947 & Indian National Committee for Space Research in 1962.

• He founded the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Ahmedabad, Center for Environmental Planning and Technology(CEPT) and the Nehru Foundation for Development (NFD) in Ahmedabad. He also served as chairman of India’s Atomic Energy Commission.

ISRO launched the Chandrayaan-2 mission having lander called Vikram to honour the late Dr. Vikram Sarabhai that is scheduled to touch down on the lunar surface on September 7, 2019.

SPORTS:

Indian juniors won medals at the 2019 Bulgarian Junior International Championships

• Indian juniors won three gold, one silver and two bronze medals at the 2019 Bulgarian Junior International Championships in Pazardzhik, Bulgaria on 12 August.

• Results:

Girls singles: Samiya lmad Faruqui bt Anastasiia Shapovalova and secured 9-21, 21-12, 22-20.

Girls doubles: Tanisha Crasto & Aditi Bhatt bt Bengisu Ercetin & Zehra Erdfm and secured 21-15, 18- 21, 21-18.

Mixed doubles: Edvin Joy & Shruti Mishra bt Brandon Zhi Hao & Abbygael Harris and secured 21-14; 21-17

Boys doubles: William Jones/Brandon Zhi Hao bt Ishan Bhatnagar & Vishnuvardhan and secured 21-19, 21-18.

Bianca Andreescu won the 2019 Rogers Cup

• Bianca Andreescu won the 2019 Rogers Cup in Toronto, Canada. She defeated Serena Williams.

• In the Rogers Cup men’s final, Spanish player Rafael Nadal won the title. It is his fifth Rogers Cup title. He secured 6-3 and 6-0 won Daniil Medvedev. It is his 35th Masters 1,000 tournament win.

• Results:

Men's singles: Rafael Nadal

Women's singles: Bianca Andreescu

Men's doubles: Marcel Granollers, Horacio Zeballos

Women's doubles: Barbora Krejčíková, Kateřina Siniaková

Rafael Nadal won Montreal Masters title

 Rafael Nadal won the Montreal Masters Cup. He won the 35th Masters crown. He defeated Russian Daniil Medvedev.

He extended his record haul of Masters 1000 titles. Nadal got the title for the first time in his career. Rafael Nadal, it was the third title of 2019.

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Important Current Affairs 12th August 2019

NATIONAL:

UP govt creates world record by planting over 22 crore saplings in one day on 77th anniversary of the Quit India Movement

• Uttar Pradesh(UP) chief minister(CM) Yogi Adityanath launched the mega greenery plantation drive called “Vriksharopan Mahakumbh” sets a world record by planting over 22 crore saplings in a day.

• The state entered the Guinness World Records’ for distributing 76,823 saplings simultaneously in six hours across the state. The first record made for planting Five crore saplings in the first hour i.e. from 9 am to 10 am. The 2nd record was made for planting 1.1 lakh saplings in Kasganj in presence of UP governor, Anandi Ben Patel. The 3rd record was made in Prayagraj for distribution of a record of 66,000 saplings at the same place in a certain time frame and the 4th record was made for planting 22 crore saplings in a day.

• The state announced to plant 25 crore saplings in the Van Mahotsav in 2020. Adityanath unveiled the logo of ‘Vriksharopan Mahakumbh’ and handed saplings of ‘Sahjan’ (Drumstick) to 5 rural women. The CM launched the drive by planting Harishankari, a combination of three sacred trees (peepul, pakar and banyan) at Jaitikheda area in Lucknow.

Union Minister Ram Vilas Paswan inaugurates interstate portability in two clusters of states

• The main objective of ‘One Nation One Ration Card’ the Union Minister for Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution Shri Ram Vilas Paswan inaugurated the inter-State portability of public distribution in two clusters in the adjoining States of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and Gujarat and Maharashtra.

• One Nation one ration card  The one nation one ration card is the system has its ability to buy subsidized food grains from ration shops in any part of the country at low cost.

ABOUT ePOS:

The Installation of electronic Point of Sale (ePoS) devices is the portability of ration card holders supported by the Aadhaar authentication. About 77 percent otherwise as More than 4.1 lakh ePoS devices are already in  operational across the country. More  than 85 percent ration cards in the country have been seeded with Aadhaar numbers of the beneficiaries in  25 States/UTs have either completed the installation

Significance

There are 11 States/Union Territories, including Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Telangana, and Tripura, have implemented the intra-State portability of ration cardholders to lift the entitled foodgrains from any Fair Price Shops (FPSs) within their State  are expected to introduce inter-State portability from January 1,2020.

BUSINESS AND ECONOMY:

India first Corporate credit card for SMEs launched by B2B payments startup EnKash

• EnKash launched the country's first corporate credit card called 'Freedom Card' for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). The  Freedom Card is a true commercial credit card with open acceptance. The Freedom Card aims to grow exponentially with increased credit lines and efficiencies to manage their businesses better in SMP’s will give credit facility for immediate needs and to manage their liquidity.

About Corporate Card:

In India it is the first corporate card that is used to cater to the varied billing cycles as per the working capital cycles of different businesses. The Bank also offers these freedom cards in practise to the people knowledge.

• The card offers a credit limit for companies to fulfil all business payments including supplier payments, travel & entertainment expenses, utility payments, digital and cloud payments and other business expenses in short duration. The launch of the EnKash Freedom Credit Card is a natural evolution for the Company in its mission towards solving the problem of working capital and in increasing efficiencies through a payments mechanism

• Other card Features

Brex is a US-based commercial credit card company has gone on to raise millions of dollars and is currently valued at over $2.6 Billion since launch 3 years ago. Eubank is a Brazilian credit card based FinTech company started life valued at over $4.6 Billion success.

RBL Bank with digital healthcare platform Practo launches co-branded credit card RBL Bank Practo Plus

• RBL Bank, one of India’s fastest-growing private sector banks and Practo, India’s leading digital healthcare platform, have partnered to launch a co-branded credit card, powered by Mastercard. This industry-first credit card is available. The people are increasingly busy to pay attention to their day-to-day health needs, this is an innovative step to encourage users to think health-first on a daily basis. The card is designed to cater to customers in both metros and non-metro cities, through Practo and RBL Bank’s extensive customer base that spans across the country. The unlimited online consultations with doctors 24*7, users are guaranteed that there is an experienced qualified doctor available to them whenever there is a need - instead of relying on self-diagnosis or advice from friends and relatives.

• Benefits of RBL Bank Practo Plus credit card:

Unlimited online consultations with doctors 24*7 for 1 year

One free full-body health check-up.For every Rs100 spent on this card, cardholder earns 1 Practo HealthCash. HealthCash can be used while availing Practo services like ordering medicine, tests, online consultations (1 Health cash = 1 Rupee).  The moment the credit card is issued, a Practo health plan account gets created on Practo app. The cardholders need to log in with their registered mobile number to access this plan under the "MyHealth Plan" section on Practo. The card also offers two complimentary domestic airport lounge access every quarter.

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY:

Chandrima Shaha to be the first woman president of INSA

• Biologist Chandrima Shaha will become the first woman to head the Indian National Science Academy (INSA). She previously the vice-president of INSA and the director of the National Institute of Immunology in Delhi.

• She will prioritize communicating science “aggressively” and combat pseudoscience. She and the elected council of 30 members will take charge on January 1, 2020. Shaha was cricketer and also worked as a commentator for All India Radio.

• Shaha’s research focused on understanding cell death pathways. Her laboratory has worked on finding the precise mechanisms of cell death and how this process is regulated by “diverse signalling pathways” in unicellular (Leishmania parasite) and multicellular (cancer cells) models.

• The main aim is to provide a deeper understanding of cell death events that can help in the development of improved therapeutics for diseases associated with anomalous cell death.The Indian Science Congress come under fire after prominent scientists have suggested that events mentioned in Indian mythological texts have scientific explanations. Several politicians have also made pseudo-scientific claims in the past.

SPORTS:

Bajrang Punia won gold in 65kg at Tbilisi Grand Prix 2019

• Bajrang Punia grabbed the gold medal in the Tbilisi Grand Prix of V. Balavadze and G. Kartozia, Georgia. Greco Roman wrestler Manjeet won bronze in the 55 kg category.

• Tbilisi Grand Prix of V. Balavadze and G. Kartozia is organized by the Georgian Wrestling Federation at the New Sports Palace, Georgia.

• Around 11 Indian wrestlers have participated in the International wrestling tournament, the Indian squad include only one Freestyle wrestlera.

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Important Current Affairs 10th August

NATIONAL:

Tamil Book Oru Manidhan Oru Iyakkam Kalaignar Mu Karunanidhi released by K Veeramani.

• The book titled ‘Oru Manidhan Oru Iyakkam Kalaignar Mu. Karunanidhi’ in Tamil language . It refers the life and work of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (Dravidian Progressive Conference) (DMK) leader Late M Karunanidhi, the former Tamil Nadu chief minister launched by K Veeramani, president of Dravidar Kazhagam in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.The book was first published by Frontline. It is a publication of The Hindu group.

Frontline was an experienced 35 years in journalism. The book includes all the articles published in the special issue – ‘A Man and a Movement,’ It was brought out in August 2018 as a tribute to M Karunanidhi. It was launched one day before the first death anniversary of Late M Karunanidhi.

AGREEMENTS AND MOU'S:

DAC approves the procurement of SDR and NGMMCB.

• The Ministry of Defence got its approval from Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) for the procurement of a Software Defined Radio (SDR) and the Next Generation Maritime Mobile Coastal Batteries (NGMMCB) for the Indian Navy.

The meeting was chaired by the Defence Minister Rajnath Singh. This is the first meeting in the second term of the NDA government.

Uses:

NGMMCB: The NGMMCB battery will be fitted with the BrahMos surface-to-surface supersonic cruise missiles.

SDR: The SDR will facilitate high-speed data and secure voice communication with anti-jamming capability. Software Defined Radio was developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and the Navy’s Weapons Electronics Systems Engineering Establishment (WESEE).

BrahMos is a joint venture (JV) between the DRDO and the NPOM, a Russian military technology firm, of Russia. It can be launched from air, land and sub-sea against land and marine targets. It has been inducted into the Indian army and Navy

Tripura insurgent group signs peace deal, agrees to lay down arms.

• The National Liberation Front of Twipra insurgent group led by Sabir Kumar signed a peace deal with the Government of India and the Government of Tripura on Saturday. NLFT (SD) agreed to the surrender of its 88 cadres with their weapons. NLFT was responsible for 317 insurgency incidents in which 28 security forces and 62 civilians were killed from 2005-2015.

APPOINTMENTS AND RESIGNATIONS:

State Bank of India MD Dinesh Kumar Khara got an extension by years after a review of his performance.

• The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet, Government of India extended the tenure of State Bank of India(SBI) Managing Director (MD)Dinesh Kumar Khara by another 2 years with effect from August 9, 2019.

He is appointed Managing Director of State Bank of India (SBI) for a period of three years on August 10, 2016. He holds a Board level position in supervising the businesses of SBI’s nonbanking subsidiaries

He was engaged in diverse financial activities such as Asset Management, Life Insurance, General Insurance, Custodial Services, Primary Dealership,.etc.

He joined SBI as Probationary Officer (PO) and has over 33 years of experience in all sides of Commercial banking such as Retail Credit, deposit mobilization, international banking operations, branch management.

Khara worked in SBI’s Chicago office and was associated with the overseas acquisition of Indian Ocean International Bank Mauritius (now SBI Mauritius) during his stint in Overseas Expansion wing of International Banking Group. He also worked as the MD&CEO of SBI Funds Management Pvt. Limited (SBIMF).

About SBI:

Headquarter: Mumbai

Chairman: Shri Rajnish Kumar

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Important Current Affairs 9th August

NATIONAL:

ISRO institutes Vikram Sarabhai Journalism Award

• The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has announced Vikram Sarabhai Journalism Award in Space Science, Technology and Research as a reward and recognition to journalists.

• Nominations:

All Indian journalists can be nominated and those articles that are published from the year 2019 till 2020 can be submitted. Candidates will be nominated and judged based on the standard criteria set by ISRO. The names of the selected will be declared on August 1, 2020.

Vikram Sarabhai Award:

Vikram Sarabhai is the father of Indian space program. He was an Indian Scientist. Thecentenary year celebrations of the father of Indian space programme announced the award.

ISRO institutes two categories of awards instituted in the field of journalism:

1) An award that includes a cash price of Rs.5,00,000, a medal and citation to two journalists or freelancers of print media.

2) An award that includes 3 cash prizes such as Rs.3,00,000, Rs.2,00,000 and Rs.1,00,000 to the articles or the success stories that are published in Hindi, English, or Regional languages in popular Periodicals, Science magazines, or Journals in India from 2019 to 2020

INTERNATIONAL:

Papua New Guinea has highest number of living indigenous languages

• United Nations report said that the Papua New Guinea has the highest number of living indigenous languages in the world with 840. India stands fourth with 453.

UN's concern:

UN observes the year 2019 as its International Year of Indigenous Languages. UN's Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues reported that nearly 40% of the estimated 6,700 languages spoken around the world were in danger of disappearing and endangered.

Totally 7,111 living languages worldwide has been listed so far. The most widely spoken languages worldwide are Chinese, Spanish, English, Hindi and Arabic. These 5 languages covers around 40% of the total worldwide languages.

BUSINESS AND ECONOMY:

Indian Bank and Aditya Birla Sun Life Insurance ink pact

• Public sector Indian Bank inked a pact with private sector insurer Aditya Birla Sun Life to offer life insurance products to the bank's customers. The partnership would see around 2,900 branches of the bank offering a diverse range of life insurance policies to its customers.

• Aditya Birla Sun Life insurance would work with the city-headquartered bank for sales training, product support and ensuring smooth operational processes. The documents were exchanged between Indian Bank Managing Director and CEO, Padmaja Chunduru, Aditya Birla Sun Life Insurance Company, MD and CEO Ajay Srinivasan.

Indian Bank

Founded: 15 August 1907

Headquarters: Chennai, India

Managing Director and CEO: Ms. Padmaja Chunduru

SBI Life Insurance, Indian Bank ink Bancassurance pact

• SBI Life Insurance and Chennai-headquartered Indian Bank entered into a bancassurance pact to offer holistic financial planning solutions to the latter’s customers. The partnership will see for 2,851 branches of Indian Bank across the country for insurance solutions.SBI Life will work with Indian Bank to ensure sales training, product support and smooth operational processes in order to offer life insurance policies to its customers.

• Indian Bank’s customers have access to an array of life insurance products from SBI Life catering to varied life stage needs of the customer.

Padmaja Chunduru, MD & CEO, Indian Bank.SBI Life Insurance said that Bancassurance as a channel has been a strong differentiator for the life insurer and it continues to explore more opportunities through partnerships with credible organisations.

• The bancassurance agreement was signed in the presence of Padmaja Chunduru and Sanjeev Nautiyal. It comes on the heels of a similar agreement between Aditya Birla Sun Life Insurance (ABSLI), the life insurance subsidiary of Aditya Birla Capital Ltd (ABCL), and Indian Bank.

SPORTS:

Serena Williams Tops Forbes List Of Highest-Paid Sports Women

• US tennis superstar Serena Williams topped Forbes magazine's list of the highest-paid women in sports for the fourth straight year. The business publication calculated that the 23-time Grand Slam singles champion earned $29.2 million in the 12-month period.

• Japan's Naomi Osaka burst to international stardom with a stunning upset of Williams in the 2018 US Open final and went on to win the Australian Open in January became just the fourth woman to earn more than $20 million in a year. Osaka's earnings at $24.3 million, putting her second on a list dominated by tennis players.

• Former Wimbledon champion Angelique Kerber third on the list with earnings of $11.8 million followed by this year's Wimbledon champion Simona Halep. The highest placed athlete from a different sport was US footballer Alex Morgan, who clocked in at 12th. Morgan earned $5.8 million, most of it in endorsements.

• Indian badminton star PV Sindhu and Thai golfer Ariya Jutanugarn were the other non-tennis players in the top 15.

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Important Current Affairs 8th August

NATIONAL:

Delhi govt unveiled the Citywide WiFi project.

• Delhi government has announced that 11,000 hotspots will be installed to provide Wi-Fi before the end of 2019. The announcement was made by CM Arvind Kejriwal. It also announced that 4,000 hotspots will be installed at bus stops. The State govt. has planned to install 1,40,000 more CCTVs in the State.

Aim:

The Citywide Wi-Fi project aims to help in bridging the digital divide. It will also provide motivation to education, entrepreneurship, business, employment. It will also tie in with women's safety initiatives.

Project implementation:

The expenditure finance committee (EFC) has approved the 'hotspot' model to provide free internet to Delhiites. The committee has also approved Rs.99 crore for the project.

In the first phase, up to 15 GB usage per mobile number will be free of cost per month. The Wi-Fi signals will be available within a radius of about 50m from where the router is installed. The project has been planned to be completed by September 2020.

INTERNATIONAL:

SpaceX Falcon launched Israels Amos telecommunications satellite.

• The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launched Israeli telecommunications satellite called Amos-17 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. The satellite was launched successfully into the geosynchronous transfer orbit .

• The launch was a makeup launch for Spacecom when a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket exploded on the launch pad in 2016. Amos-17 has been designed to provide enhanced voice, video and data services to customers in Africa and parts of Europe, the Middle East, India and China.

SpaceX's previous and recent launches:

• Before AMOS 17, Spacex launched the Europe’s Arianespace consortium with two satellites from its spaceport in the South American country of French Guiana using its heavy-lift Ariane 5 rocket.

• The second satellite called  EDRS-C is part of an effort led by the European Space Agency and Airbus to facilitate high-speed laser communications between orbiting satellites and ground stations.

AGREEMENTS AND MOU'S:

India, 45 others sign UN treaty on mediation in trade disputes.

• India and 45 other United Nations members including the US and China, on Wednesday signed the Singapore Convention on Mediation, intended to help stabilise trade ties. The international treaty aims for the resolution of cross-border commercial and trade disputes as an alternative to court cases.

• The convention sets the standards for enforcing and invoking settlement agreements

APPOINTMENTS AND RESIGNATIONS:

OYO appoints Mandar Vaidya as CEO for South-East Asia, Middle East.

• India's largest hospitality chain, Gurugram-based OYO has appointed Mandar Vaidya as the CEO for South-East Asia and the Middle East. Vaidya has served as a Partner at American worldwide management consulting firm McKinsey & Company for around 15 years. OYO operates in countries including Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, UAE and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the region.

DAYS:

India observes 77th anniversary of Quit India movement.

• The 77th anniversary of the August Kranti Din is considered as one of the important milestones in the history of freedom struggle of our country, is being observed. Mahatma Gandhi gave a clarion call to end the British rule and launched the Quit India Movement at the session of the All-India Congress Committee in Mumbai. Gandhiji gave the call to Do or Die in his Quit India speech delivered at the Gowalia Tank Maidan in Mumbai. The grateful country is today paying homage to the freedom fighters and remembering the supreme sacrifices of the martyrs during the freedom struggle.Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu urged the people to take part in nation-building activities in a constructive manner. He said the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi are eternally relevant. He was addressing a gathering after well-known Gandhian, Dr. Shobana Radhakrishna rendered ‘Gandhi Katha’. It is a narrative on the clarion call given by Mahatma Gandhi to the British this day to Quit India. Minister of State for Culture and Tourism, Prahlad Singh Patel also present at the event held at the Vice President’s residence in New Delhi.

The failure of Cripps Mission, Gandhiji gave the call to “Do or Die” in his Quit India speech delivered at the Gowalia Tank Maidan in Mumbai. The grateful country is paying homage to the freedom fighters and remembering the supreme sacrifices of the martyrs during the freedom struggle.

Quit India Movement

Quit India Movement or the August Movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942 during World War II. Demanding an end to British Rule of India.The Cripps Mission failed, and on 8 August 1942, Gandhi made a call to Do or Die in his Quit India speech delivered in Bombay at the Gowalia Tank Maidan. The All-India Congress Committee launched a mass protest demanding what Gandhi called "An Orderly British Withdrawal" from India.

This resolution declared that the immediate ending of the British rule in India was an urgent necessity for the sake of India and for the success of the cause of freedom and democracy for which the countries of the United Nations were fighting against fascist Germany, Italy, and Japan. The resolution called for the withdrawal of the British power from India. India with all her resources would join the war on the side of those countries who were struggling against fascist and imperialist aggression.

AWARDS:

Pranab Mukherjee to receive India’s highest civilian award Bharat Ratna today.

• Former President and veteran Congress leader Pranab Mukherjee will be presented with the Bharat Ratna by President Ramnath Kovind on Thursday evening.

• Mukherjee was awarded India’s highest civilian honour, in January, along with renowned musician Bhupen Hazarika and Bharatiya Jan Sangh founder Nanaji Deshmukh.

• Kovind will present the award to Mukherjee in Rashtrapati Bhavan at 6pm. Hazarika and Deshmukh, awarded posthumously, will also be honoured at the ceremony.

• Pranab Mukherjee, 83, in his long and illustrious political career has served the country in various capacities -- Defence Minister, Finance Minister, External Affairs Minister, Leader of Lok Sabha, Leader of Rajya Sabha and as the President of India between 2012 to 2017.

SPORTS:

Part-time bowler sets world record by taking 7 wickets in a T20.

• Leicestershire Foxes captain and part-time spinner Colin Ackermann recorded the best bowling figures in a T20 after taking seven wickets for 18 runs against Birmingham Bears. Malaysian spinner Arul Suppiah held the previous world record when he claimed 6-5 for Somerset against Glamorgan in 2011. More than 30 bowlers had taken six wickets in a T20 prior to Ackermann's seven-for.

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Important Current Affairs of 7th August

NATIONAL:

Former External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj passed away

• Former External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, 67 years old, passed away on 6th August. She suffered a cardiac arrest and passed away at AIIMS. She underwent a kidney transplant in 2016.

Sushma Swaraj Career:

Sushma Swaraj was educated at Sanatan Dharma College in Ambala Cantonment. She earned a bachelor's degree with majors in Sanskrit and Political Science. She studied law at Punjab University, Chandigarh.

Political Career:

Swaraj's political career started at her age of 25 in 1977. She became the youngest cabinet minister in Haryana in 1977. She served as the 5th Chief Minister of Delhi from 13th October to 3rd December 1998. She was a seven-time Member of Parliament. She served as MLA for three terms.

• Sushma Swaraj won from Vidisha constituency in Madhya Pradesh for a second term in 2014. Swaraj took charge as Foreign Minister on 26th May, 2014. After Indira Gandhi, she was the second woman to hold the External Affairs Ministry. She was popularly known as the People’s Minister. She introduced a new sensitivity and sensibility in the functioning of the External Affairs Ministry.

President Ram Nath Kovind gives assent to the abrogation of article of Jammu and Kashmir

• President Ram Nath Kovind gave his assent to the abrogation of Article 370.It will now revoke the special status to Jammu and Kashmir. The resolution to revoke Article 370 was passed by Lok Sabha on 6 August. It was passed by Rajya Sabha on 5th August.

The notice issued by the President said that as from 6th August, 2019, all clauses mentioned in Article 370.

• President's approval notification:

President approved the Bill in exercise of the power conferred by clause (3) of article 370 read with (1) of article 370 of the Constitution of India. The notification also said that all provisions of this Constitution, as amended from time to time, without any modifications or exceptions, shall apply to the State of J&K. It will not not with stand anything contrary contained in article 152 or article 308 or any other article of the Constitution or any other provision of the Constitution of J&K or any law, document, judgement, ordinance, order, by-law, rule, or agreement as envisaged under article 363 or otherwise.

India's Naaz Joshi won Miss World Diversity 2019

• Naaz Joshi made the country proud with a third successive victory in the beauty pageant Miss World Diversity.  She competed against 14 other international contestants in Mauritius.

She dressed up in blue lehenga and choli and portrayed herself as the powerful Indian Goddess, who stands for 'shakti' - the feminine source of power and women empowerment.

She is a resident of Malviya Nagar, New Delhi. She was sent to her relative's house in Mumbai.

Rajasthan passes bill against honour killing

• Rajasthan State Legislative Assembly passed the Rajasthan Prohibition of Interference with the Freedom of Matrimonial Alliances in the Name of Honour and Tradition Bill, 2019 on 5th August. The Bill was introduced by the Parliamentary Affairs Minister Shanti Dhariwal. The Bill aims to curb incidents of honour killing in the State.

Provisions of the Bill:

♦ The Bill provides punishment of life imprisonment or death penalty for murdering couples in the name of family honour

♦ If the community or family cause death of a couple or either of them, on the grounds of dishonour or disrepute to the caste, community or family will be punished with death or life imprisonment and a penalty of maximum Rs.5 Lakh

♦ If the couple is grievously hurt, the community or the family will be punished with 10 years of rigorous imprisonment for life with a penalty of maximum Rs.3 lakh

♦ Incase of simple injuries, the community or the family will be punished with 3-5 years of imprisonment with a penalty of maximum Rs.2 lakh

♦ The Bill also said that the District or Sub Divisional Magistrate shall receive information or request from any person who seeks protection from any unlawful assembly or person who objects lawful marriage

♦ The Bill also says that a group can not assemble with an intention to  condemn any lawful marriage in the name of vindicating the honour of family, caste or community. Participating in such groups directly or indirectly will be punished with maximum 5 years of imprisonment and a penalty of maximum Rs.1 lakh.

DAYS:

National Handloom Day is observed on 7th August

The National Handloom Day is observed on 7th August every year. To mark the occasion, the nation holds a function at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi. The function will be presided by the Union Minister of Textiles and Women and Child Development, Smriti Zubin Irani. The Day is observed at Weavers’ Service Centres in different States.

Odisha's rich tradition:

The main events are to be held in Bhubaneswar, Odisha. Bhubaneswar has been chosen for its rich tradition of Handlooms.

Aim:

The Day aims to honour the Indian handloom weavers and also highlight India's handloom industry. It also aims to empower women and girls as they are the majority total weavers population of India. The day focuses on the contribution of handloom to the socio economic development of the country. It seeks to increase the income of weavers.

INTERNATIONAL:

Bangladesh signed an agreement with Russia for uranium supply

• Bangladesh signed a nuclear fuel supply agreement with Russia for the uranium supply of the Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant (RNPP). The deal was signed between the Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission and Russian Nuclear Fuel Supply Company TVEL in Dhaka.

• Signed by: BAEC Chairman Mahbubul Haque and the Russian firm’s commercial director and Fedor Sokolov signed the agreement in the presence of Science and Technology Minister Yeafesh Osman.

The project was approved by the Cabinet Division's Economic Affairs Committee. The agreement says that the TVEL Joint Stock Company will supply fuel for the entire lifetime of the 2,400 MW RNPP project.

About the Project:

The project duration of RNP will be  believed to 50 years. The fuel will be supplied to the country’s maiden nuclear power plant at Rooppur under Ishwardi upazila in Pabna. The first unit of the RNPP is expected to come into operation by 2022 and the second unit will be established by 2024. The cost estimated by the Bangladesh government is $12.65 billion.

Fiona Kolbinger first woman to win km cycling race

• German cancer researcher Fiona Kolbinger won the mixed annual 4,000km(2,485 miles) cycling Transcontinental Race from Burgas in Bulgaria. She becomes the first woman to win one of the world’s toughest cycling races.

• She took 10 days, 2 hours and 48 minutes to complete the challenge .It includes about 40,000 metres (131,000ft) of climbing.

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Important Current Affairs 6th August 2019

NATIONAL:

Lok Sabha gives nod to legislation that bans commercial surrogacy.

• Lok Sabha passed the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019, which seeks to ban commercial surrogacy and allows only close relatives of infertile couples to volunteer for “ethical altruistic" reasons.

The bill and it is unfortunate that the country had emerged as a hub of commercial surrogacy in recent years. During the discussion on the bill.There are 2,000-3000 surrogacy clinics running illegally in India and a few thousand foreign couples resort to surrogacy practice within India, and the whole issue is thoroughly unregulated.

The concerning unethical practices, abandonment of children born out of surrogacy and exploitation of surrogate mothers.The minister cited the 228th report of the Law Commission recommended that the government enact a legislation to ensure that commercial surrogacy is banned in this country and there is only restrictive surrogacy.

Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019,

The bill also aims to constitute surrogacy boards at the national and state levels. The bill aims to allow ethical altruistic surrogacy for infertile Indian married couples, within the age group of 23-50 and 26-55 years for females and males, respectively. The bill, which was passed by a voice vote, also prohibits the sale and purchase of human embryos and gametes. The government has claimed that it will also prevent exploitation of surrogate mothers and children born through surrogacy.India emerged as a commercial destination for foreigners seeking surrogate mothers. There have been reports on unethical practices, exploitation of surrogate mothers, abandonment of children born out of surrogacy, and rackets involving intermediaries importing human embryos and gametes.Women’s rights activists have supported the passage of the bill.

Rajasthan passed bill against anti lynching.

• The Rajasthan State Legislative Assembly passed the Rajasthan Protection from Lynching Bill, 2019. The Parliamentary Affairs Minister Shanti Dhariwal introduced the Bill in the State Assembly. The Bill aims to provide stricter punishment to curb such Lynching incidents.

• Rajasthan is now the second State to have a dedicated law criminalising mob lynching as a special offence. The first state to have such law in addition to other offences under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) is Manipur.

• SC's recommendation:

• The Bill was introduced after the recommendation by the Supreme Court in authorising the setting up of special courts, appointment of a dedicated nodal officer, and stipulating enhanced punishments.

• The bill not only criminalises the acts of lynching but also provides legal aid, relief, compensation and rehabilitation.

• Definition of Lynching as per the Bill:

• Any act or series of acts of violence whether spontaneous or planned, by a mob on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth, language, dietary practices, sexual orientation, political affiliation and ethnicity falls under the category Lynching.

• Provisions of the Bill:

• ♦ Bill makes the Mob Lynching offence cognizable, non-bailable and non-compoundable offences.

• ♦ It gives a punishment of life imprisonment and a penalty from Rs.1 lakh to Rs.5 lakh to those convicted in cases of mob lynching leading to victim's death.

• ♦ After 2014, 86% of mob lynching cases that were reported in the country are from Rajasthan. The Bill was proposed after considering peace in the state.

RS passed Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill.

• The Rajya Sabha cleared the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill 2019 on 6 August. Union Home Minister Amit Shah presented the Bill after abrogation of the special status granted to J&K. The upper house also adopted resolutions to repeal Article 370 and Article 35A in J&K.

The Bill has been moved for consideration and passage in Lok Sabha on August 6, 2019. The lower house will also take up the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation Bill 2019.

Provisions of the Bill:

♦ The Bill proposed the bifurcation of the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories namely Ladakh and Jammu-Kashmir.

♦ The bill has a  provision of 10% reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) among the general category (the upper caste).

Lok Sabha passes Transgender Persons Bill.

• The Lok Sabha on Monday passed the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 which aims for social, economic and educational empowerment of transgender persons, by a voice vote. The bill has scrapped provisions that criminalise begging by transgenders. As per the bill, a transgender is someone whose gender doesn't match with the gender assigned at birth.

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Important Current Affairs 5th August

NATIONAL:

Centre moves J&K Reorganisation Bill 2019, a resolution to revoke Article 370 of Jammu and Kashmir

• The Government of India announced repealing Article 370 and introduced the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, 2019 in the Rajya Sabha on 5 August.

This will now repeal special status to Jammu and Kashmir. The resolutoin was passed by Home Minister Amit Shah in the upper house. The aborgation of Article 370 will make J&K an integral part of India.

• What is Article 370?

Article 370 was introduced in 1947 by Sheikh Abdullah the Prime Minister of Jammu & Kashmir

Article 370 of the Indian constitution gives autonomous status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The article is drafted as Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions in Part XXI of the Constitution. The Indian Constitution still describes it as a temporary provision.

Article 370 provided six special provisions for Jammu and Kashmir:

1) The State is allowed to have its own Constitution.

2) The Central legislative powers over the State were limited to the three subjects of defence, foreign affairs and communications.

3) Only with the concurrence of the State Government, other constitutional powers of Indian Government could be extended to the State.

4) The concurrence was only provisional. The State's Constituent Assembly should ratify the provision.

5) Until the State Constituent Assembly was formed, the State Government was given authority to give concurrence. Once the State Constituent Assembly finalised the scheme of powers and dispersed, no further extension of powers was possible.

6) Only if the State's Constituent Assembly approves the Article 370, it could be repealed or amended.

Under Article 370, the Centre has no power to declare financial emergency under Article 360 in the state. It can declare an emergency in the state only in case of war or external aggression

• What's next?

After the repealing of Article 370, the government should get back the Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK). It is now expected that the Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan would return the land taken illegally from India.

Gujarat government launched Vhali Dikri Yojna

• Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupanilaunched the ‘Vhali Dikri Yojna’ from his hometown Rajkot, Gujarat. The scheme is introduced for the welfare of the girl child. The meaning of this scheme is Dear Daughter Scheme.

• The main details about this scheme is stated before. Vahali Dikri Yojana is launched to improve the sex ratio of girl child in the State. The successful implementation of this scheme State government allocated a budget of Rs 133 Crore.

• According to the scheme State Government will pay Rs. 4,000 to every girl child at the time of admission to Standard 4th, Rs. 6,000. There will be a time of taking admission to Standard IX, Rs. 1-lakh at the time of taking admission for higher education at the age of 18 at the time of marriage. It is a statewide cash incentive scheme for every girl child born in Gujarat.

DRDO successfully test fired QRSAM Missile

• The Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test-fired an indigenously developed Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile (QRSAM) from a mobile truck-based launch unit from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Chandipur, Odisha. It is an all-weather and all-terrain missile type.

QRSAM missile has been developed for the Army. The entire mission was tracked by various electro-optical tracking systems, radar systems and telemetry systems.

• QRSAM:

QRSAM is equipped with electronic counter measures against jamming by aircraft radars. The missile uses solid-fuel propellant. It has a range of 25-30 km.  The test flights had successfully demonstrated various parameters like aerodynamics, propulsion, structural performance.The missile was developed as part of Integrated Guided-Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) other than Nag, Agni, Trishul, Prithvi missiles.

• QRSAM has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)in cooperation with Bharat Electronics Limited and Bharat Dynamics Limited.

Previously, the first trial of  QRSAM Missile was conducted on June 4, 2017. The Second missile test was conducted in May 2019 in odisha coast.

INTERNATIONAL:

Malaysia seizes $240 million from Chinese state firm's bank account

• Malaysia seized more than 1 billion ringgit ($243.25 million) from a bank account of state-owned China Petroleum Pipeline Engineering Ltd (CPP), The seizure comes nearly a year after Malaysia suspended two pipeline projects, valued at $2.3 billion, on which CPP was the lead contractor.

• The Malaysian government ordered HSBC to transfer the funds held in the Chinese firm’s account to Suria Strategic Energy Resources.CPP was perplexed by the unilateral transfer of funds out of its account without notification, the firm, a unit of state energy giant China National Petroleum CorpCPP won a contract from the government of former prime minister Najib Razak to build a petroleum pipeline stretching 600 km (373 miles) along the west coast of peninsular Malaysia and a 662-km (411-mile) gas pipeline in Sabah. The projects were suspended last July by Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, who unexpectedly defeated Najib in the 2018 election.

BUSINESS AND ECONOMY:

State Bank of India and Shanghai becomes first Indian bank to link up with CNAPS

• State Bank of India's Shanghai branch linked to China's National Advanced Payment System (CNAPS). It is the first Indian Bank to operationalize it. The CNAPS, launched in 2008 by the People's Bank of China (PBOC) provides real-time settlement services for all payments cleared in China.

• The CNAPS system is complemented by its international counterpart, the CIPS (China International Payments System or Cross-Border Interbank Payment System) launched in 2015

• Main Aim: To boosting international use of the Chinese currency, yuan. The participants from multiple countries across the globe participated.

AWARDS AND ACHIEVEMENTS:

President Ram Nath Kovind was awarded the National order of Merit

• President Ram Nath Kovind was awarded the National order of Merit by the President of Guinea on 3rd August. This is the highest award Republic of Guinea by African government.

He was honoured for his exceptional contribution to the advancement of overall relations and development of mutual cooperationbetween India and Guinea. It also recognised his efforts for promoting friendship and partnership between the people of both the countries.

• President's Visit to Guinea:

During his visit to Guinea, President Ram Nath Kovind signed 3 MoUs between India and Africa. The agreements aimed cooperation in the Field of Traditional System of Medicine, e Vidhya bharati, e Aarogya Bharati Network Project and Renewal Energy.

Both countries also agreed on sign in  the need for reform of the UN Security Council to make it reflective of contemporary realities. The leaders expressed their deep concern over the rise of extremism and terrorism around the world in the meeting. The  President also announced a new Line of Credit of US$ 170 million for Water Supply Project of Conakry city.

SPORTS:

Lovlina Borgohain Won Gold In Umakhanov Memorial International Boxing Tournament

• Lovlina Borgohain won gold at the Magomed Salam Umakhanov Memorial International Boxing Tournament 2019.The event held at Kaspiysk, Russia.The Golaghat district of Assam, Lovlina faced Assunta Canfora of Italy in the finals.Govind Sahani (49Kg) and Jony (60Kg) grabbed bronze medals after their semi-final losses.

• Assunta Canfora at the India Open final, World Championships bronze medallist, Lovlina (69kg) was better prepared this time to tackle the wily Italian. India Open silver and a bronze from the Strandja Cup, Lovlina's efforts and dedication have been rewarded with her first international gold medal of the year.

• India Open gold-medallist champion Neeraj (57kg) in the semi-finals by stunning former world champion Alessia Mesiano 3-2, continued her impeccable form in the summit clash against Russia's Malika Shakhidova. The two judges' points being drawn at 28-28, the Strandja Cup bronze medallist Neeraj Lovlina and Neeraj in their respective finals India failed to register a flawless day as Gaurav

• Solanki succumbed to a 0-5 defeat to Uzbekistan's Abdulkhay Sharakhmatov. The Commonwealth Games gold medallist was unable to judge his opponent's pace and power.

Lewis Hamilton won Hungarian Grand Prix

• Formula One Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton won the Hungarian Grand Prix .He defeated Max Verstappen for a record-extending seventh time .He won 62 points clear in the championship.

• Lewis Hamilton

He is a British racing driver races in Formula One for Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport. He is one of the greatest drivers in the history of the sport.

• Hungarian Grand Prix

It is is a motor race held annually in Mogyorod, Hungary.

Most win: United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton.

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Important Current Affairs 4th August

NATIONAL:

ICMR introduces new TB vaccines VPM and Immuvac.

• The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) launched a trial for two new TB vaccines. This is India’s first large-scale trial. This is a large preventive TB vaccine trial. The initiative involves more than 12,000 healthy household contacts of newly diagnosed TB patients from across six states of India are set to be enrolled.

Two thousand participants from each of the six states including Delhi, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana and Karnataka will enroll over the next seven to eight months. Also, seven main centres will have six sub-sites, where these trials will be conducted.

Two new vaccines:

The two new TB vaccines that are introduced by ICMR are:

♦ Immuvac manufactured by Cadila Pharmaceuticals

♦ VPM 1002 manufactured by Institute of India, Pune

The medicines are to be tested with three testing phases. Based on the results the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare will decide and set the price of the vaccines.

Reason for ICMR's new TB vaccines:

To treat TB multi-drug course that usually spans six months is usuallu involved. Scientists from ICMR suggested that new TB vaccines other than BCG (Bacille Calmette-Guerin), which is 100 years old, is needed to treat TB as it has been partially effective in protecting infants and young children and it provides poor protection against pulmonary disease in adolescents and adults.

TB in India:

Data from Ministry of Health and Family Welfare’s Central TB division said that the TB incidence in India has touched almost 2.8 million every year along with drug-resistant TB incidence at 1,47,000 annually. It also said that around 27% of the world’s TB incidences are from India. It has marked the highest share at a global level. In 2017, the Centre vowed to eliminate TB by the year 2025.

NITI Aayog approves JV to acquire minerals needed for Electric Vehicles.

• NITI Aayog has approved the proposal for joint venture between National Aluminium Company (Nalco), Hindustan Copper (HCL) and Mineral Exploration Corporation Ltd. and foreign companies. The plan is to acquire foreign reserves of strategic minerals like lithium and cobalt to power the country's electric vehicles has moved a step closer. Therefore, the three state-owned metal and mining companies are set to form a joint venture to buy on minerals.

• Aim:

• India has set a target to achieve an all-electric vehicle fleet by 2030. The Union Ministry of Mines has already directed three state-owned companies to aggressively look for reserves of lithium and cobalt mines.

• To attain the target, mining companies like Nalco, HCL and MECL have partnered with a German consultancy for the project. This partnership is to guide them on prospective reserves and also  foreign government rules and regulations. Discussions are on, to achieve India's target on cobalt and lithium mines as soon .

• Note: Argentina, Bolivia and Chile are the countries which have the best reserves of lithium and cobalt in the world.

• Uses: Lithium, and cobalt are used to manufacture batteries for electric vehicles in addition to other minerals like tungsten, nickel and rare earths.

SPORTS:

Lewis Hamilton wins his seventh Hungarian Grand Prix.

• Mercedes' Lewis Hamilton won his record-extending seventh Hungarian Grand Prix in the Hungaroring on Sunday. With the win, Hamilton moves to within 10 race wins of Michael Schumacher's all-time Formula One victory record of 91. Red Bull's Max Verstappen finished second while Ferrari's Sebastian Vettel was placed third. Hamilton now has 250 points in the drivers' standings.

               

Rohit Sharma surpasses Virat Kohli to shatter massive T20I record.

• India vice-captain Rohit Sharma surpassed skipper Virat Kohli to create a massive T20I record in the 2nd T20I against West Indies at Lauderhill in Florida on Sunday

• The right-handed batsman scored a half century in 40 balls after Kohli won the toss and elected to bat. In doing so, Sharma became the player with to have the most number of scores above 50 in the shortest format.

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