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Important Current Affairs 2nd September 2019

NATIONAL:

Uttarakhand to set up a Special Tiger Force for Corbett Tiger Reserve

• The Uttarakhand government has determined to set up a Special Tiger Force for Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve. It will function as an abundantly required second layer of protection with the big cat. The force can have 85 posts.

• Special tiger force:

The STPF is effective in checking outlaw human intrusion into the reserve through villages situated on its fringes for  250 tigers at the reserve.

The need for such a force was being felt by life specialists and conservationists for an extended time with three-tier protection to tigers at reserves.

• About Three Tier protection :

The First layer of protection is by beat level forest guards through regular patrols.

The second layer of protection is by STPF.

The third layer of protection comes from intelligence gathering mechanism within which forest, police and central intelligence agencies personnel work along to stop crimes like cooking of tigers.

INTERNATIONAL:

India raises the issue of global oil price volatility with Russia

• India raised the issue of global oil market price volatility with Russia that is hurting the interests of both consuming and producing nations. This was articulated by India’s oil minister Dharmendra Pradhan in a meeting with Russia’s energy minister Alexander Novak.

• India urging its long-time ally Russia to take into account the interest of energy-consuming nations during its engagement with the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (Opec).

They play an important role in balancing global oil market both in terms of ensuring adequate supply as well as in having a responsible and reasonable price.

• Any production cut by Opec and its allies has a wide-ranging impact on energy markets, given that Opec accounts for around 40% of global production. It is expected to have a particular fallout on India due to Opec accounting for around 83% of the country’s total crude oil imports.

BUSINESS AND ECONOMY:

Indian Oil to build 1GW electric vehicle battery plant

• State-run oil refiner Indian Oil Corporation Ltd will set up a 1 Giga Watt (GW) plant to make batteries used for running electric vehicles (EVs) in partnership with an overseas start-up using a non-lithium ion raw material.

• The move fits well with the government’s strategy to facilitate the adoption of EVs in the country’s energy basket, and cut the fuel import bill. It also supports a key element of the EVs industry batteries and their recharge.

• The more efficient, less complex, very advanced and more economical, if you are looking at the car alone.

• India-centric solution.India tied-up with one company manufactured 100 per cent indigenously . The raw material is easily available in this country, whose recycling technology is extremely mature and whose recycling industry is well established in this country.The elements are known since ages, the natural resources of that particular element in this country is abundantly available, unlike in the case of lithium. For lithium, you have to depend on imports, and that too from China, because all lithium reserves today are under the possession of China.The battery plant will be set up through a special purpose vehicle (SPV) formed by IOC and the overseas entity. The location of the plant is yet to be decided. The 25 MW or 50 MW to pick up in the country for e-vehicles and e-mobility.

MeitY partners with Google for Build for Digital India programme

• The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) signed a statement of intent (SoI)with Google. The agreement aimed to implement Build for Digital India programme.

Aim:

The aim of the initiative is to motivate the college students across India to innovate and produce some good technology solutions for major social challenges of India.

• Build for Digital India:

♦ Build for Digital India programme will provide engineering students a platform to develop market-ready, technology-based solutions that address key social problems.

♦ Engineering students across the country can apply and join the programme. Through this programme they will be able to transform their bright ideas into real-world solutions.

♦ The programme provides online and offline learning opportunities on key technologies such as machine learning, cloud, and android.

♦ The opportunities will be offered through Google’s Developer Student Club network and other Google Developer networks.

♦ Under the programme mentorship sessions in product design, strategy and technology to the most promising products and prototypes will be offered by Google.

APPOINTMENTS AND RESIGNATION:

Lt Gen Manoj Naravane took charge as VCAS

• Lieutenant General Manoj Mukund Naravane took charge of Vice Chief of the Army Staff in New Delhi on 1 September. He replaces Lieutenant General Devraj Anbu superannuated on August 31.

• General Manoj Mukund Naravane:

Naravane was earlier heading the Eastern Command of the Indian Army. He was active in Counter Insurgency environments, both in the North East and in J&K. Naravane was a part of the Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka during Operation PAWAN.

• Lieutenant General Manoj was awarded the Sena Medal-Distinguished for command of his Battalion in J&K, the Vishisht Seva Medal for his services as the Inspector General Assam Rifles-North in Nagaland.

SPORTS:

Shooter Yashaswini Singh Deswal won gold at ISSF World Cup

• Shooter Yashaswini Singh Deswal won gold at ISSF World Cup 2019 at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.She became the world champion in the women’s 10m Air Pistol event. Yashaswini Singh Deswal defeated Olena Kostevyc, 2004 Athens Olympic champion, by finishing 1.9 points ahead of her. With this win, she has secured India's ninth Olympic quota in shooting.

Yashaswini Singh Deswal:

Yashaswini Singh Deswal is an Indian sport shooter. She is the daughter of SS Deswal who is an IPS officer. He is the deputy general of Indo-Tibetan Border Police. Her mother Saroj Deswal is the Chief Commissioner of Income Tax in Panchkula.