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Important Current Affairs 2nd October 2019

NATIONAL:

Government launched the DIN system of CBDT.

• Ministry of Finance has launched the Documentation Identification Number (DIN) system of the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) on 1 October 2019. On the day of launching, about 17,500 communications with DIN were generated. DIN system has been created as per the direction of Finance Minister Ms. Nirmala Sitharaman. The introduction of DIN will make every CBDT communication to have a documentation identification number.

Aim:

The DIN system is expected to ensure greater accountability and transparency in tax administration.

Provisions of DIN:

♦ Any communication from the Income Tax (IT) Department without a computer-generated DIN, including notice, letter, order and summon or any other correspondence, would be invalid.

♦ All communications with DIN will be verified on the e-filing portal

♦ No communication would be issued manually without DIN except only if it is in the specified exceptional circumstances.

♦ Any communication issued manually under exceptional circumstances should be uploaded and regularised on the system portal within 15 days of its issuance.

Paryatan Parv 2019 launched.

•  Center has launched the nationwide Paryatan Parv 2019 on 2 October. It was inaugurated by the Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas and  Minister of Steel, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan in New Delhi.

Organized by:

Paryatan Parv 2019 was organized by the Ministry of Tourism.

Aim:

Paryatan Parv aims to propagate the message of Dekho Apna Desh with the objective to encourage Indians to visit various tourist destinations of the country. It also spread the message of Tourism for All.

Paryatan Parv 2019:

Paryatan Parv 2019 will be held from 2nd to 13th October 2019 across the country.

Paryatan Parv 2019 is dedicated to the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

Paryatan Parv is being organized with the objective of drawing focus on the benefits of tourism, showcasing the cultural diversity of the country.

It also reinforces the principle of Tourism for All.

The three components of Paryatan Parv, are:

♦ Dekho Apna Desh - To encourage Indians to visit their own country.

♦ Tourism for All - Tourism Events at sites across all States in the country are being organized.

♦ Tourism & Governance - Interactive Sessions & Workshops with Stakeholders on varied themes.

Gandhi Jayanthi is celebrated on 2 October.

•  Gandhi Jayanthi is celebrated on 2 October in India. The Day marks the to mark the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The celebrations in the year 2019 mark the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The day is celebrated every year. His birth anniversary is observed as the International Day of Nonviolence.

Mahatma Gandhi:

M.K. Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869. He was known for his non-violence protest during the British rule. He was a leading figure of freedom movements whether in India or South Africa. India got freedom from colonial rule with his efforts.

Major events in the freedom struggle:

♦ In 1906-07, Satyagraha in South Africa

♦ In 1910, Satyagraha against emigration and restriction in Natal

♦ In 1917, Champaran Satyagraha

♦ In 1917-1918, Kheda Satyagraha

♦ In 1919, Khilafat Movement

♦ In 1920, Non-Cooperation Movement

♦ In 1930, Civil-Disobedience Movement

♦ In 1942, Quit India Movement

The above major movements that were led by Mahatma Gandhi helped India in attaining freedom from the British rule.  Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist, on 30 January 1948.

International Day of Non Violence is observed on 2 October.

•  International Day of Non-Violence is observed on 2 October. The day is observed on the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. He is the leader of the Indian independence movement and pioneer of the philosophy and strategy of non-violence. The day aims to disseminate the message of non-violence, including through education and public awareness.

The principle of non-violence rejects the use of physical violence in order to achieve social or political change.

History:

On 15 June 2007, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution to declare 2nd October as International Day of Non-Violence. The resolution reaffirmed the universal relevance of the principle of non-violence. It desires to secure a culture of peace, tolerance, understanding, and non-violence.