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Important Current Affairs 25 February 2017 PDF capsule

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Dear Aspirants,


We bring you the Latest  (Gk)General Knowledge, Daily Current Affairs news, Events, General awareness Today  25th February 2017 Section in FREE PDF (English & Hindi), a section which outlines the latest important news, Events headlines which are hardly covered elsewhere.






NATIONAL NEWS

India's only active volcano is back from the dead after 150 years

Barren Islands volcano, India's only active volcano, is reportedly spewing lava and ash after a gap of 150 years.

  • It erupted for about four hours in January, scientists from the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) claimed.
  • The volcano is situated in Barren Islands in the Andaman & Nicobar archipelago.
  • Some unsubstantiated reports even claim that it is South Asia's only active volcano.
  • Its first recorded eruption dates back to 1787. Since then, the volcano has erupted more than ten times, including the one this year.
  • The samples collected by the NIO team will help in deciphering the nature of the present and past volcanic activity in the region.
  • The team, however, did not land on the island because it was considered too dangerous.
  • Scientists from CSIR-NIO have been surveying the Andaman Basin and they have identified many small submerged volcanoes in a linear chain called a volcanic arc.

NATIONAL NEWS


Kurukh language given official status by Bengal Government

  • The West Bengal government today gave official status to Kurukh language, listed as an endangered language by the UNESCO, to mark the International Mother Language Day, which is observed to mark the language movement in the then East Pakistan in 1952.
  • Announcing this at a function to celebrate the day, state Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said that official recognition would also be given to Rajbangshi/Kamtapuri language spoken in parts of north Bengal.
  • She said that around 16 lakh Oraon people spoke Kurukh language in Bengal and that the language had been identified as a vulnerable language in the UNESCO's list of endangered languages.
  • The chief minister lamented the apathy among a section of people in the state in learning or speaking Bengali.
  • Marking the movement in Bangladesh in 1952 for recognition of Bengali as an official language when it was part of Pakistan, February 21 has been recognised as the International Mother Language Day by the United Nations.


NATIONAL NEWS


CCEA approved SJVN’s investment proposal in Arun-3 Hydro Electric Project


The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved an investment proposal of the Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited (SJVN) in Nepal’s Arun-3 Hydro Electric Project
(HEP).

  • The approval was given by the CCEA at a meeting chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 22 February 2017 in New Delhi.
  • The SVJN, a central public sector undertaking, will invest Rs 5723.72 crore in the 900 MW Arun-3 HEP.
  • Completion period of the project shall be 60 months from the date of financial closure of the project.
  • Ex-post facto approval was given for incorporation of the SJVN Arun-3 Power Development Company (P) Limited (SAPDC).
  • The SAPDC is the implementing agency of the Arun-3 HEP. It was already incorporated in Nepal as a 100 per cent subsidiary of the SJVN.
  • Any component of the work already or been made by the Nepalese authorities shall be so certified by Central Electricity Authority (CEA) and shall be accordingly deducted from the project cost requirements.
  • NATIONAL NEWS

    Union Government clears Coastal Surveillance Project

    The Ministry of Defence on 21 February 2017 gave its in-principle approval to set up 38 radar stations to boost surveillance of the country’s 7,517 km long coastline.

    • The approval for the project was given at a meeting of the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) chaired by the Union Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar in New Delhi.
    • The project will be executed at a cost of Rs 800 crore by the Bengaluru-based Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL).
    • Apart from the 38 static radar stations, 4 mobile surveillance stations will also be set up under the project.
    • These surveillance stations will be integrated with the Vessel Traffic Management System (VTMS) in the Gulf of Kutch and Khambatt.
    • These stations are in addition to 46 radar stations, which have already been set up under the Phase I of the Static Sensor Chain Project.
    • The project seeks to set up gap-less electronic surveillance along India’s coastline.

    NATIONAL NEWS

    Defence Security Corps Celebrates 70th Raising Day


    Defence Security Corps (DSC), which was raised on 25 February 1947 as ‘Defence Department Constabulary’, celebrated its 70th Raising Day on 25 February 2017.

    • DSC troops have been providing security to various sensitive defence and civil installations across the length and breadth of the Country since 1947.
    • On the occasion of the 70th Raising Day, Lieutenant General JS Cheema, Deputy Chief of Army Staff (Information System & Training) and Colonel Commandant of DSC, congratulated all ranks and complimented them for their relentless efforts in guarding sensitive Defence and civil establishments.
    • On this solemn occasion, he also remembered the supreme sacrifices made by the martyrs of the Corps, exhorted all ranks to seek inspiration from their valour and felicitated eight Junior Commissioned Officers and Other Ranks for their distinguished service.
    • So far, DSC has been awarded three Vir Chakras, one Kirti Chakra, four Shaurya Chakras, ten Sena Medals, two Vishisht Seva Medals and fifteen Chief of Army, Air and Naval Staff Commendation Cards.


    NATIONAL NEWS

    61 CAVALRY Bags the Army Polo Championship

    The famous Army Polo Championship that commenced on 31 Jan 2017 saw a thrilling final match on Friday between 61 CAVALRY and Army Service Corps after tough round of

    • Army has dominated Equestrian Sports for a long time producing a large number of Asian Games medalists, World Cup players, Padam Shree and Arjuna awardees and is pursuing it as part of it’s Mission Olympics programme.
    • Lt Col Ravi Rathore who is the highest handicapped polo player in Indian Army has also played four World Cups for the Indian Polo Team.
    • Lt Gen RV Kanitkar, Quarter Master General, presented the Army Polo Championship Trophy to 61 CAVLARY in the presence of a big audience including many senior officers


    DEFENCE

    Indian Coast Guard Ship ICGS AYUSH commissioned in Kochi


    Indian Coast Guard Ship ICGS AYUSH was commissioned on 18 February 2017 in Kochi, Kerala. The ship was commissioned by Vice Admiral AR Karwe, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Southern Naval Command.

    • The fast patrol vessel (FPV) is fitted with state-of- the-art navigational and communication equipment including Integrated Bridge System (IBS) and Machinery Control System (MCS).
    • The ship is capable of undertaking multifarious tasks such as surveillance, interdiction, search and rescue and medical evacuation.
    • Post commissioning, the ship will be based at Krishnapatnam in Andhra Pradesh.
    • The vessel will be under the administrative and operational control of Commander, Coast Guard Region.
    • The Cochin Shipyard was incorporated in the year 1972 as a fully owned company by the Union Government.


    DISCOVERY

    Scientists discover drowned Pacific Ocean continent Zealandia


    A group of scientists have claimed to discover a continent two-thirds the size of Australia beneath the south-west Pacific Ocean.

    • The discovery was recently reported in a paper titled Zealandia: Earth's Hidden Continent in the journal of the Geological Society of America.
    • This newly proposed continent is about 1.74 million square miles in size and 94 percent submerged. However, the continent protrudes above the ocean surface in the form of New Zealand and New Caledonia.
    • Zealandia, also known as Tasmantis, is a nearly submerged continental fragment that sank after breaking away from Australia 60–85 million years ago.
    • The continent had separated from Antarctica between 85 and 130 million years ago.
    • It may have been completely submerged about 23 million years ago, and 93 per cent of it remains submerged beneath the Pacific Ocean. However, it is still unknown how strongly Bollons Seamount remains connected to the continent.
    • The continent supports substantial inshore fisheries and contains New Zealand's largest gas field, near Taranaki.